Class 3_Americas Founding and Constutiton I_090909

Class 3_Americas Founding and Constutiton I_090909 -...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1 Political Science 1101 American Government: Practices and Values From Last Class Political trust : what Americans think about the motivations and performance of government. Political efficacy : what Americans think about their ability to make a difference on political matters. Why we need government – 6 reasons: 1. Protect life, liberty, and property 2. Achieve the good life 3. Address the collective action problem and provide for public goods 4. Avoid the tragedy of the commons: manage common/finite resources 5. Manage externalities: tax negative externalities and subsidize positive ones 6. Shelter from uncertain futures and unforeseen crises From Last Class (cont.) Definitions and typologies of government: – Who rules? – Who controls authority? – Who benefits? – Differentiating democracy: direct and representative. Yet to discuss : core values of American political culture: – Liberty – Individualism – Equality – Democracy/self-government
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
2 Term Limits in NYC Government: A Response to One of Your Questions 10/2008 : City Council voted to extend term limits: From two 4-year terms to three 4-year terms for all elected offices in NYC. Approved by a 29-22 vote (using majority rule ). 1993 and 1996 : 2 public referenda to restrict local elected officials to two terms in office. 6/2009 : NY Assembly approved a bill (using majority rule ) stating that terms limits can be changed only with voter approval, only through a referendum. Today : similar bill pending in NY Senate. At issue : popular sovereignty, popular consent. What Is Unique About American Democracy? Culture : broadly shared, characteristic, and deep-seated values, beliefs, attitudes about how the government should function. “American exceptionalism” : the thesis that the political institutions, character, and heritage of the U.S. is unique vis-à-vis all other nations. – Alexis de Tocqueville: Democracy in America (1835). The American Ethos: Core Values of American Political Culture Liberty Individualism Equality Democracy
Background image of page 2
3 The American Ethos: Myth or Reality? Liberty and individualism : – No core political value is more central than liberty. – Both personal liberties and economic freedom. – Strong attachments to self-reliance, individualism. – Yet government regulation and taxation are often cited as violations of individual liberty. – And persistent trend since the 1930s of government activism and regulation of private actions. The American Ethos: Myth or Reality? Equality : – A “self-evident truth” in the Declaration of Independence. – Yet
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 07/14/2011 for the course POL 1001 taught by Professor Xxx during the Fall '09 term at CUNY Baruch.

Page1 / 13

Class 3_Americas Founding and Constutiton I_090909 -...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online