Chapter 1 - Chapter 1 Introduction and Research Methods The...

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Chapter 1: Introduction and Research Methods, The Science of Psychology I. Introducing Psychology a. Psychology-(psyche- mind and logos- word ) the scientific study of behavior and mental processes. i. Behavior- anything we do-sleeping to rock climbing ii. Mental processes are our private, internal experience- thoughts, perceptions, feelings, memories, and dreams. b. Science vs. pseudoscience i. Empirical evidence –information acquired by direct observation and measurement using systematic scientific methods. ii. Critical thinking- the process of objectively evaluating, comparing, analyzing, and synthesizing information. iii. Pseudopsychologies-(pseudo-false)-includes claims made by psychics. Palmistry, psychometry (determining facts abut an object by handling it), psychokinesis, and astrology c. Psychological Science i. Scientific psychology four basic goals: to describe, explain, predict, and change behavior and mental processes through the use of scientific methods. ii.
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Chapter 1 - Chapter 1 Introduction and Research Methods The...

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