Understanding People in Groups 1 - TheS ocial C xt of Organizations onte C to e Maste subtitlestyle lick dit r TheC pt of C once ulture How m pe havebe

Understanding People in Groups 1 - TheS ocial C xt of...

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Click to edit Master subtitlestyle TheSocial Context of Organizations
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The Concept of Culture How many people havebeen to a foreign country? Describewhat was different… On the surface: Clothing (What types of clothing? What does clothing “mean”) Food and drink (What is eaten? When? How is drinking seen?) Buildings (Size, types of materials, functions) Going deeper: Political systems (authority, roleof police, social services) Interpersonal relations (proximal space, appropriatetopics, “power distance”) Media and communications (openness, types of information)
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Major Cultural Dimensions of Nations Power distance Theextent to which a society accepts differences in power across individuals Individualism/collectivism Preferences for acting as individuals vs. acting as groups Uncertainty avoidance Preferences for stableand predictablesituations vs. uncertain and ambiguous situations Long- vs. short-termorientation Degree to which a cultureemphasizes thepast, tradition, and social
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Major Cultural Dimensions of Nations Power distance (US=38/53) High: Philippines, Panama, Mexico, Venezuela Low: Israel, Austria, Finland, Great Britain, Ireland, Germany Individualism (US=1/53) High: Australia, Canada, Great Britain, New Zealand, Italy Low: Venezuela, Ecuador, Columbia, Peru, Korea, Indonesia Uncertainty avoidance(US=43/53) High: Portugal, Greece, Guatemala, Japan, Belgium Low: India, Hong Kong, Denmark, Great Britain, Singapore, Sweden Long-short term orientation (US=27/33) High: Japan, Taiwan, Korea, Hong Kong, China
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The Concept of CultureHow many people havebeen in different jobs? Describewhat was different…On the surface:Clothing (What types of clothing? What does clothing “mean”)Food and drink (What is eaten? When? How is drinking seen?)
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TheseDifferences areCulture Definition A systemof shared meaning held by members of a social group that distinguishes that group fromothers Things that convey culture Rules, regulations, stories, uniforms, typical social interactions, punishment and reward systems
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Strong and Weak Cultures Strong culture Values strongly held and widely shared What arethe advantages of a strong culture? Are theredisadvantages to a strong culture? Levels of culture Dominant culture Held across the organization Embodies the core values of the organization Subcultures Usually morelocalized
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  • Spring '08
  • BENSON
  • Sula, Trigraph, theorganization, scribethe ne, Colum Pe Kore Indone

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