Understanding People in Groups 1

Understanding People in Groups 1 - TheS ocial C xt of...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style The Social Context of Organizations
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The Concept of Culture How many people have been to a foreign country? Describe what was different… On the surface: Clothing (What types of clothing? What does clothing “mean”) Food and drink (What is eaten? When? How is drinking seen?) Buildings (Size, types of materials, functions) Going deeper: Political systems (authority, role of police, social services) Interpersonal relations (proximal space, appropriate topics, “power distance”) Media and communications (openness, types of information)
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Major Cultural Dimensions of Nations Power distance The extent to which a society accepts differences in power across individuals Individualism/collectivism Preferences for acting as individuals vs. acting as groups Uncertainty avoidance Preferences for stable and predictable situations vs. uncertain and ambiguous situations Long- vs. short-term orientation Degree to which a culture emphasizes the past, tradition, and social
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Major Cultural Dimensions of Nations Power distance (US=38/53) High: Philippines, Panama, Mexico, Venezuela Low: Israel, Austria, Finland, Great Britain, Ireland, Germany Individualism (US=1/53) High: Australia, Canada, Great Britain, New Zealand, Italy Low: Venezuela, Ecuador, Columbia, Peru, Korea, Indonesia Uncertainty avoidance (US=43/53) High: Portugal, Greece, Guatemala, Japan, Belgium Low: India, Hong Kong, Denmark, Great Britain, Singapore, Sweden Long-short term orientation (US=27/33) High: Japan, Taiwan, Korea, Hong Kong, China
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The Concept of Culture How many people have been in different jobs? Describe what was different… On the surface: Clothing (What types of clothing? What does clothing “mean”) Food and drink (What is eaten? When? How is drinking seen?) Buildings (Size, types of materials, functions) Going deeper: Political systems (authority, role of supervisors, caregiving) Interpersonal relations (proximal space, appropriate topics, “power distance”) Communications (openness, types of information)
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These Differences are Culture Definition A system of shared meaning held by members of a social group that distinguishes that group from others Things that convey culture Rules, regulations, stories, uniforms, typical social interactions, punishment and reward systems
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Strong and Weak Cultures Strong culture Values strongly held and widely shared What are the advantages of a strong culture? Are there disadvantages to a strong culture? Levels of culture Dominant culture Held across the organization Embodies the core values of the organization Subcultures Usually more localized
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How Can Companies Maintain a Attraction-selection-attrition (ASA) People and organizations seldom change Fit is like two puzzle pieces Basic model Only people who think they’ll fit
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Understanding People in Groups 1 - TheS ocial C xt of...

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