Click to edit Master subtitlestyle TheSocial Context of Organizations
The Concept of Culture • How many people havebeen to a foreign country? Describewhat was different… – On the surface: • Clothing (What types of clothing? What does clothing “mean”) • Food and drink (What is eaten? When? How is drinking seen?) • Buildings (Size, types of materials, functions) – Going deeper: • Political systems (authority, roleof police, social services) • Interpersonal relations (proximal space, appropriatetopics, “power distance”) • Media and communications (openness, types of information)
Major Cultural Dimensions of Nations • Power distance – Theextent to which a society accepts differences in power across individuals • Individualism/collectivism – Preferences for acting as individuals vs. acting as groups • Uncertainty avoidance – Preferences for stableand predictablesituations vs. uncertain and ambiguous situations • Long- vs. short-termorientation – Degree to which a cultureemphasizes thepast, tradition, and social
Major Cultural Dimensions of Nations • Power distance (US=38/53) – High: Philippines, Panama, Mexico, Venezuela – Low: Israel, Austria, Finland, Great Britain, Ireland, Germany • Individualism (US=1/53) – High: Australia, Canada, Great Britain, New Zealand, Italy – Low: Venezuela, Ecuador, Columbia, Peru, Korea, Indonesia • Uncertainty avoidance(US=43/53) – High: Portugal, Greece, Guatemala, Japan, Belgium – Low: India, Hong Kong, Denmark, Great Britain, Singapore, Sweden • Long-short term orientation (US=27/33) – High: Japan, Taiwan, Korea, Hong Kong, China
The Concept of Culture•How many people havebeen in different jobs? Describewhat was different…–On the surface:•Clothing (What types of clothing? What does clothing “mean”)•Food and drink (What is eaten? When? How is drinking seen?)
TheseDifferences areCulture • Definition – A systemof shared meaning held by members of a social group that distinguishes that group fromothers • Things that convey culture – Rules, regulations, stories, uniforms, typical social interactions, punishment and reward systems
Strong and Weak Cultures • Strong culture – Values strongly held and widely shared – What arethe advantages of a strong culture? – Are theredisadvantages to a strong culture? • Levels of culture – Dominant culture • Held across the organization • Embodies the core values of the organization – Subcultures • Usually morelocalized
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- Spring '08
- Sula, Trigraph, theorganization, scribethe ne, Colum Pe Kore Indone