Understanding People in Groups 2

Understanding People in Groups 2 - TheS ocial C xt of...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style The Social Context of Organizations
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Work In Groups When do you see people working in groups and teams in organizations? What types of tasks are done in groups What types of tasks are usually done just by individuals What are the advantages and liabilities of collective work processes? Synergy vs. production blocking Rating group performance
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Factors that Make Teams Effective Team effectiveness combines three factors Context: adequate resources, good leadership, a climate of trust, and group performance evaluation Composition: ability, personality, roles, diversity, size, flexibility, and preferences Process: common purpose, specific goals, team efficacy, conflict levels, and (low) social loafing
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Group Development Processes Forming Uncertain period in group development Experimenting with what is required Storming Conflict occurs as members seek control over the goals and processes Norming The group structure is solidifying and agreement is
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Group Development Processes Punctuated equilibrium Often observed in time-limited project groups Most groups have a period of inertia, then about ½ through the group process, there is a sudden burst of Time Performance First meeting Completion Transition
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Group Development Processes Enhancing team effectiveness from the start Begin by establishing a clear sense of what needs to be done Make clear statements of specific, realistic, and measurable goals (just like other goal setting processes) Develop mechanisms for resolving group conflicts so that discussions focus on the task at hand rather than personal characteristics of members
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Forming Effective Teams Personality traits Higher levels of conscientiousness and openness to experience enhance team performance Is it better to form groups made up primarily of all high vs. all low conscientiousness, or is a mix of high and low conscientiousness better? Most research suggest it’s better to make teams homogeneous in
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This note was uploaded on 07/18/2011 for the course MAN 4504 taught by Professor Benson during the Spring '08 term at University of Florida.

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Understanding People in Groups 2 - TheS ocial C xt of...

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