Understanding What People Are 1 - I ndividual Diffe nce in Organizations re s Prof to e Maste r-Mue r C John Kam er subtitlestyle lick dit m ye lle MGT

Understanding What People Are 1 - I ndividual Diffe nce in...

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Click to edit Master subtitlestyle Individual Differences in Organizations Prof. John Kammeyer-Mueller MGT 5246
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Who are you?Think about how you would introduce yourself to someoneWhat arethe things you would tell them so that they would know thereal you?What arethe things about you that makeyou unique?Think also about peopleyou likeWhat arethe ways you would describeyour friends? What characteristics do they havethat makethem who they are?How areyou similar? How areyou different?
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Person or Situation=Trait or State? What reactions might a person have? How do personality traits play into this situation?
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Person or Situation=Trait or State?TraitsShown across a variety of situations (global)Shown across a variety of time periods (stable)Brought about by genetic explanations or childhood experiencesExplain why not all peopleact the same way in the same situationStatesA specific event triggers them (local)Subside after the trigger is gone (unstable)Brought about by specific external factors in the environmentExplain why people generally act in similar ways to the same situation
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TheContinuum of Traits and States Moods Low stability High stability Global Local States Angry Talkative Motivated Happy Traits Hostility Extroversion Achievement motivation Optimism
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Thinking About How You’ve Changed and Stayed the Same Think back to your childhoodImaginea timewhen you weredoing something that is a lot like what you would do now; something that really gets at your enduring personalityNow imaginesomething that’s different about how you used to act when you were a kid that’s very different than you’d act nowHow areyou similar? How areyou different?
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Longitudinal Stability of Personality as a Factor of Time From Scheurger, Zarrella, & Hotz, 1989; used 89 independent samples in this analysis
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Stability of CoreAffect and Personality Scores Personality scores are related to perceptions of life events, so personality and situation areco- determinant This is consistent with the interactionist model of personality Vaidya, Gray, Haig, &
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Test-Retest Meta Analysis of Self-Esteem Trzesniewski, Donnellan, & Robins, 2003
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Why Is Self-Esteem Consistent Over Time? Think of reasons why peoplewho havehigh self-esteemtend to keep high self-esteem, and peoplewho havelow self-esteem tend to keep low self-esteem Feedback from theenvironment is consistent (e.g., similar social support network) Behavior is consistent over time Performance/skills/IQ Dispositional affect
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  • Spring '08
  • BENSON
  • Trigraph, NE, diffe nce

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