Understanding What People Are 4 - I ndividual Diffe nce in Organizations re s Prof to e Maste r-Mue r C John Kam er subtitlestyle lick dit m ye lle MGT

Understanding What People Are 4 - I ndividual Diffe nce in...

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Click to edit Master subtitlestyle Individual Differences in Organizations Prof. John Kammeyer-Mueller MGT 5246
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Thinking About Stress Write down major sources of stress Write down methods for coping As a class Most common sources of stress Most common coping activities Why do employers care about this?
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Life Stressors Death of spouse=100 Divorce=73 Separation=65 Major injury/illness=53 Marriage=50 Fired=47 Reconciliation=45 Pregnancy=40 Sexual difficulties=39 New family member=39 Business readjustment=39 Child leaving home=29 In-law trouble=29 Boss trouble=23 Change in residence=20 Change to new school=20 Change in church=20 Mortgage=17 Change in sleep=16 Vacation=13
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Important Stress Concepts Hindrance stressors Induced by hassles, boredom, red tape, confusion about responsibilities, and other factors that reduceproductive responses Related to negative physical symptoms, dissatisfaction, and poor performance Challengestressors Induced by difficult assignments, pressure to perform, autonomy, and other factors that increase productiveresponses Related to satisfaction and positiveperformance Both producephysiological arousal and psychological tension; thedifferenceis in interpretation and resolution of stressors
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How Stress Was Discovered Hans Selye ’s early rat research Injected them with ovarian hormones to seethe body’s reaction Consistently found a threefold reaction Enlargement of the adrenal cortex Shrinking of the lymph structures (thymus, lymph nodes, etc.) Ulcers found in the stomach Initial disappointment These reactions appeared no matter which hormonehe used He realized that rather than producing failed results for a specific hormone he wanted to study, he ’d discovered a non-specific reaction to biological threats Resistance to his theory: he was studying the physiological response to “dirty
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Defining Stress and theGeneral Adaptation Syndrome Stress is a statemanifested by a specific syndromewhich consists of all thenon-specifically induced changes within a biologic system(fromSelye) Thesyndromeis specific, meaning that thereare very clear and consistent parts of the bodily system that areactivated It is non-specifically induced, meaning that it is occurs due to literally hundreds of assaults on thebody’s system, including nearly every physical illness, injury, and intense psychological states
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Physical Stages of theStress Response Stressor Hypothalamus and pituitary Adrenal Thymus lymph node Stomach Whiteblood cells Noticethat thenervous system is not involved at all. Thestress reaction described by Selyeis entirely an action of theendocrinesystem.
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  • Spring '08
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