Understanding What People Are 4

Understanding What People Are 4 - I ndividual Diffe nce in...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style Individual Differences in Organizations Prof. John Kammeyer-Mueller MGT 5246
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Thinking About Stress Write down major sources of stress Write down methods for coping As a class Most common sources of stress Most common coping activities Why do employers care about this?
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Life Stressors Death of spouse=100 Divorce=73 Separation=65 Major injury/illness=53 Marriage=50 Fired=47 Reconciliation=45 Pregnancy=40 Sexual difficulties=39 New family member=39 Business readjustment=39 Child leaving home=29 In-law trouble=29 Boss trouble=23 Change in residence=20 Change to new school=20 Change in church=20 Mortgage=17 Change in sleep=16 Vacation=13
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Important Stress Concepts Hindrance stressors Induced by hassles, boredom, red tape, confusion about responsibilities, and other factors that reduce productive responses Related to negative physical symptoms, dissatisfaction, and poor performance Challenge stressors Induced by difficult assignments, pressure to perform, autonomy, and other factors that increase productive responses Related to satisfaction and positive performance Both produce physiological arousal and psychological tension; the difference is in interpretation and resolution of stressors
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How Stress Was Discovered Hans Selye ’s early rat research Injected them with ovarian hormones to see the body’s reaction Consistently found a three fold reaction Enlargement of the adrenal cortex Shrinking of the lymph structures (thymus, lymph nodes, etc.) Ulcers found in the stomach Initial disappointment These reactions appeared no matter which hormone he used He realized that rather than producing failed results for a specific hormone he wanted to study, he ’d discovered a non-specific reaction to biological threats
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Defining Stress and the General Adaptation Syndrome Stress is a state manifested by a specific syndrome which consists of all the non-specifically induced changes within a biologic system (from Selye) The syndrome is specific, meaning that there are very clear and consistent parts of the bodily system that are activated It is non-specifically induced, meaning that it is occurs due to literally hundreds of assaults on the body’s system, including nearly every physical illness, injury, and intense psychological states
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Physical Stages of the Stress Response Stressor Hypothalamus and pituitary Adrenal Thymus lymph node Stomach White blood cells Notice that the nervous system is not involved at all. The stress reaction described by Selye is entirely an action of the endocrine system. The biological stress response is studied by
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Understanding What People Are 4 - I ndividual Diffe nce in...

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