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EASIA 204LECTURE 2: JOURNEY OF UNIFICATION + INTEGRATIONThe Legend of Tan’gunfoundation myth: explains how a nation is established/founded (ex. Greek mythology)Buddhist monk wrote this in 1285...The Old Record notes that in olden times Hwanin’s son, Hwanung, wished to descend from heaven and live in the world of human beings. Knowing his son’s desire, Hwanin surveyed the three highest mountains and found Mount T’aebaek the most suitable place for his son to settle and help human beings…Leading the Earl of Wind, the Master of Rain, and the Master of clouds, he [Hwanung] took charge of some three hundred and sixty areas of responsibility, including agriculture, allotted life spans, illness, punishment, and good and evil, and brought culture to his people. At that time a bear and a tiger living in the same cave prayed to Holy Hwanung to transform them into human beings. The king gave them a bundle of sacred mugworts and twenty cloves ofgarlic and said, “If you eat these and shun the sunlight for one hundred days, you will assume human form.” Both animals ate the spices and avoided the sun. After twenty-one days the bear became a woman, but the tiger, unable to observe the taboo, remained a tiger. Unable to find a husband, the bear-woman prayed under the altar tree for a child. Hwanung metamorphosed himself, lay with her, and begot a son called Tangun Wanggŏm.good and evil = priestsHwanung = newcomerbear tribe met the condition but tiger tribe did not21 days symbolism = possibly menstrual cycleTangun Wanggŏm = Old Choson KingdomOld Choson (2333 BCE -108 BCE)embraced bronze culture from Scytho-Siberia + iron culture from China hierarchy: tribe league-> tribe->clanlocation of Old Choson is still debatedby 400 BCE, became strongest confederated kingdom
EASIA 204LECTURE 2: JOURNEY OF UNIFICATION + INTEGRATION“Tangun Wanggŏm” title“arrogant + cruel”use of iron farming toolssocial stratification (The Eight Laws)ohe who kills a person shall be punished by death (social order)ohe who causes bodily injury shall pay with grains (private property)ohe who steal other ppl’s property shall become a slave (private property, caste system)Formation of National IdentityTangun: progenitor of Korean pplpride in ethnic homogeneityNational Founding Day = Oct. 3rdTangun Calendar: 2333 + 2020 = 4353Tangun worshipNorth Korea claims its legitimacy for their capital + stateConfederated Kingdomsconfederated kingdoms emerged around 1-3rdcentury A.DKoguryo Kingdom (37 BCE – 668 CE)
EASIA 204LECTURE 2: JOURNEY OF UNIFICATION + INTEGRATION“One day when Kumwa (King of Eastern Puyo) was hunting on a mountain called T’aebaek, he saw a beautiful woman by the stream...When he asked who she was, she replied, “I am the daughter of Habaek, the dragon king in Soha (West River) and Yuhwa (Willow Flower) is my name. When I was out with my sisters on a picnic, a strong man came up to me and said, “I am aheavenly prince and Haimosu is my name.”...he enjoyed me and then left me, never to return....