HSA - Week Eleven Special Populations 2009

HSA - Week Eleven Special Populations 2009 - SPECIAL...

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Unformatted text preview: SPECIAL POPULATIONS CHILDREN ● POPULATION AND FAMILY CHARACTERISTICS AMERICA’S CHILDREN CONTINUE TO GROW IN RACIAL AND ETHNIC DIVERSITY. IN 2004, 65 PERCENT WERE WHITE, NON- HISPANIC; 15 PERCENT WERE BLACK, NON-HISPANIC; 15 PERCENT HISPANIC; 4 PERCENT ASIAN/ PACIFIC ISLANDER; 1 PERCENT AMERICAN INDIAN AND ALASKAN NATIVE. 68 PERCENT LIVE WITH TWO PARENTS. ❧ INDICATORS OF CHILDREN’S WELL- BEING 19 PERCENT OF CHILDREN LIVE IN POVERTY. 76 PERCENT OF CHILDREN HAD AT LEAST ONE PARENT WORKING FULL TIME. MOST AMERICAN CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS HAVE A DIET WHICH IS POOR OR NEEDS IMPROVEMENT. TEENAGERS ARE LESS LIKELY THAN YOUNG CHILDREN TO HAVE A USUAL SOURCE OF MEDICAL CARE. ❧ 7.5 PERCENT OF INFANTS ARE BORN WITH LOW BIRTHWEIGHTS. 71 PERCENT OF CHILDREN IN FAMILIES LIVING IN POVERTY RECEIVED THE COMBINED SERIES OF VACCINES. ❧ THE MORTALITY RATE FOR WHITE CHILDREN IS 31.5 PER 100,000 POPULATION. THE DEATH RATE AMONG BLACK MALE ADOLESCENTS IS 108.7 PER 100,000. THE DEATH RATE AMONG WHITE MALE ADOLESCENTS IS 23.1 PER 100,000. THE BIRTH RATE FOR TEENAGERS 15-17 IS 32.1 LIVE BIRTHS PER 1000 FEMALES. IN 1996, 2.6 MILLION SOUTHERN CHILDREN LIVED IN EXTREME POVERTY, WITH FAMILY INCOMES BELOW HALF THE FEDERAL POVERTY LINE. THAT MEANT CASH INCOME LESS THAN $120 PER WEEK FOR THREE PEOPLE. CHILDREN GO HUNGRY WHEN INCOME IS LOW. ❧ 1.2 MILLION SOUTHERN HOUSEHOLDS EXPERIENCED HUNGER. 3 MILLION SOUTHERN HOMES LACK SECURE ACCESS TO FOOD. 7 OUT OF 10 POOR FAMILIES WITH CHILDREN HAD A FAMILY MEMBER WHO WORKED. ONE IN FOUR SOUTHERN WORKING PARENTS EARN HOURLY WAGES TOO LOW TO ESCAPE POVERTY. POVERTY AFFECTS CHILDREN OF ALL RACES. HALF OF ALL SOUTHERN POOR CHILDREN ARE WHITE, BUT SOUTHERN BLACK CHILDREN ARE TWO-AND-A-HALF TIMES MORE LIKELY TO LIVE IN POVERTY THAN SOUTHERN WHITE CHILDREN. SOUTHERN CHILD POVERTY IS GENERALLY HIGHEST IN THE CENTRAL CITIES OF METROPOLITAN AREAS. NINE MILLION CHILDREN DO NOT HAVE HEALTH CARE COVERAGE IN 2007 POOR CHILDREN ARE TWICE AS LIKELY AS NON-POOR TO BE BORN WEIGHING TOO LITTLE,TO SUFFER STUNTED GROWTH, OR TO REPEAT A YEAR OF SCHOOL. A BABY BORN TO A POOR MOTHER IN AMERICA IS MORE LIKELY TO DIE BEFORE ITS FIRST BIRTHDAY THAN A BABY BORN TO A HIGH SCHOOL DROPOUT, AN UNWED MOTHER, OR A MOTHER WHO SMOKED DURING PREGNANCY. POVERTY MAKES CHILDREN HUNGRY, SICK, AND LESS ABLE TO LEARN. ● THE STATE CHILDREN’S HEALTH INSURANCE PROGRAM ENABLES STATES TO INSURE CHILDREN FROM WORKING FAMILIES WITH INCOMES TOO HIGH TO QUALIFY FOR MEDICAID BUT TOO LOW TO AFFORD PRIVATE HEALTH INSURANCE THROUGH SEPARATE STATE PROGRAMS, MEDICAID EXPANSION, OR A COMBINATION OF BOTH. AS OF 2001, 50 STATES, THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA AND FIVE U.S. TERRITORIES HAVE IMPLEMENTED S-CHIP, COVERING OVER 4.6 MILLION CHILDREN. THE NUMBER OF CHILDREN ENROLLED IN MEDICAID HAS INCREASED BECAUSE OF...
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This note was uploaded on 07/18/2011 for the course HSA 3111 taught by Professor Lytle during the Fall '08 term at University of Florida.

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HSA - Week Eleven Special Populations 2009 - SPECIAL...

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