HSA 3111 - Week Five National 2010

HSA 3111 - Week Five National 2010 - NATIONAL AND STATE...

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Unformatted text preview: NATIONAL AND STATE INIATIATIVES • CULTURAL BELIEFS AND VALUES • BELIEF IN SCIENCE LED TO THE APPLICATION OF THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD TO MEDICINE • THE MEDICAL MODEL OF HEALTH CARE DELIVERY IS FOUNDED ON ADVANCES IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. • THE MEDICAL MODEL HAS FUELED THE TREMENDOUS GROWTH IN MEDICAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION. • THE U.S. HAS BEEN LEADING THE WORLD IN NEW MEDICAL BREAKTHROUGHS . • THESE DEVELOPMENTS HAVE HAD NUMEROUS IMPLICATIONS FOR HEALTH SERVICES DELIVERY. • THEY INCREASE THE DEMAND FOR THE LATEST TREATMENT AND RAISE PATIENTS’ EXPECTATIONS OF FINDING A CURE. • MEDICAL PROFESSIONALS HAVE BEEN PREOCCUPIED ALMOST EXCLUSIVELY WITH CLINICAL INTERVENTIONS, WHEREAS THE HOLISTIC ASPECTS OF HEALTH AND USE OF ALTERNATIVE THERAPIES HAVE BEEN DEEMPHASIZED. • HEALTH CARE PROFESSIONALS HAVE BEEN TRAINED TO FOCUS ON PHYSICAL SYMPTOMS. • FEW ATTEMPTS HAVE BEEN MADE TO INTEGRATE DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT WITH HEALTH EDUCATION AND DISEASE PREVENTION. • THE CONCERN WITH NONHEALTH HAS FUNNELED MOST RESEARCH EFFORTS AWAY FROM THE PURSUIT OF HEALTH INTO DEVELOPMENT OF SOPHISTICATED MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY. COMMITMENT OF RESOURES TO THE PRESERVATION AND ENHANCEMENT OF HEALTH AND WELL-BEING LAGGED FAR BEHIND. • MEDICAL SPETS WHO USE THE LATEST TECHNOLOGY HAVE BEEN HELD IN HIGHER ESTEEM AND HAVE EARNED HIGHER INCOMES THAN GENERAL PRACTITIONERS AND HEALTH EDUCATORS. • THE DESIRABILITY OF HEALTH CARE DELIVERY INSTITUTIONS, SUCH AS HOSPITALS, IS OFTEN EVALUATED BY THEIR ACQUISITION OF ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY. • • WHILE BIOMEDICINE HAS TAKEN CENTRAL STAGE, DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT OF MENTAL HEALTH HAVE BEEN RELEGATED TO A LESSER STATUS, BUT DIFFICULITIES IN IDENTIFYING CERTAIN BEHAVIORS TO BE INDICATIVE OF MENTAL HEALTH DISORDERS HAVE BEEN AT LEAST PARTICALLY RESPONSIBLE FOR THE SECONDARY STATUS OF MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES IN THE HEALTH CARE DELIVERY SYSTEM. • THE BIOMEDICAL MODEL HAS ALSO ISOLATED THE SOCIAL AND SPIRITUAL ELEMENTS OF HEALTH. • AMERICA HAS BEEN A CHAMPION OF CAPITALISM. DUE TO A STRONG BELIEF IN CAPITALISM, HEALTH CARE HAS LARGELY BEEN VIEWED AS AN ECONOMIC GOOD, NOT AS A PUBLIC RESOURCE. • A CULTURE OF CAPITALISM PROMOTES ENTREPRENEURIAL SPIRIT AND SELF- DETERMINATION. • INDIVIDUAL CAPABILITIES TO OBTAIN HEALTH SERVICES HAVE LARGELY DETERMINED THE PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION OF HEALTH CARE - WHAT SERVICES WILL BE PRODUCED, WHERE, AND IN WHAT QUANTITY, AND WHO WILL HAVE ACCESS TO THOSE SERVICES. • FINANCING OF HEALTH CARE THROUGH INDIVIDUAL HEALTH INSURANCE COVERAGE HAS MADE ACCESS TO...
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HSA 3111 - Week Five National 2010 - NATIONAL AND STATE...

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