hsa 3111 Week Four All Lectures 2010

hsa 3111 Week Four All Lectures 2010 - HEALTH SERVICE...

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Unformatted text preview: HEALTH SERVICE PROFESSIONALS w PHYSICIANS w PHYSICIANS PLAY A CENTRAL ROLE IN EVALUATING A PATIENTS HEALTH CONDITION, DIAGNOSING ABNORMALITIES, AND PRESCRIBING TREATMENT. w SOME PHYSICIANS ARE ENGAGED IN MEDICAL EDUCATION AND RESEARCH TO FIND NEW AND BETTER WAYS TO CONTROL AND CURE HEALTH PROBLEMS. w A GROWING NUMBER ARE INVOLVED IN THE PREVENTION OF ILLNESS. w LICENSING w ALL STATES REQUIRE PHYSICIANS TO BE LICENSED IN ORDER TO PRACTICE. w SUCCESSFUL COMPLETION OF A LICENSING EXAMINATION AND COMPLETION OF A SUPERVISED INTERNSHIP/RESIDENCY PROGRAM. w REQUIREMENTS INCLUDE GRADUATION FROM AN ACCREDITED MEDICAL SCHOOL THAT AWARDS A DOCTOR OF MEDICINE (MD) OR DOCTOR OF OSTEOPATHIC MEDICINE (DO); w DOCTOR OF OSTEOPATHIC MEDICINE (DO) w OSTEOPATHIC MEDICINE EMPHASIZES THE MUSCULOSKETETAL SYSTEM OF THE BODY SUCH AS THE CORRECTION OF JOINTS OR TISSUES. THEY STRESS DIET AND THE ENVIRONMENT AS FACTORS WHICH MIGHT INFLUENCE NATURAL RESISTENCE. w DOCTOR OF MEDICINE (MD) w MEDICAL DOCTORS VIEW MEDICAL TREATMENT AS ACTIVE INTERVENTION TO PRODUCE A COUNTERACTING REACTION IN AN ATTEMPT TO NEUTRALIZE THE EFFECTS OF DISEASE. w ( MEDICAL MODEL) w PHYSICIANS TRAINED IN FAMILY MEDICINE/GENERAL PRACTICE, GENERAL INTERNAL MEDICINE, AND GENERAL PEDIATRICS ARE CONSIDERED PRIMARY CARE PHYSICIANS OR GENERALISTS. w PHYSICIANS IN NON-PRIMARY CARE SPECIALITIES ARE REFERRED TO AS SPETS. w SPETS MUST SEEK CERTIFICATION IN AN AREA OF MEDICAL SPECIALIZATION WHICH OFTEN REQUIRES ADDITIONAL YEARS OF ADVANCED RESIDENCY TRAINING FOLLOWED BY SEVERAL YEARS OF PRACTICE IN THE SPECIALITY. w PRIMARY AND SPECIALITY CARE PRIMARY CARE IS FIRST- CONTACT CARE AND IS REGARDED AS THE PORTAL TO THE HEALTH CARE SYSTEM. SPECIALITY CARE, WHEN NEEDED, GENERALLY FOLLOWS PRIMARY CARE. IN A MANAGED CARE ENVIRONMENT WHERE HEALTH SERVICES ARE INTEGRATED, PRIMARY CARE PHYSICIANS SERVE AS GATEKEEPERS. GATEKEEPERS SERVE AN IMPORTANT ROLE IN CONTROLLING COST, UTILIZATION, AND THE RATIONAL ALLOCATION OF RESOURCES. IN THE GATEKEEPING MODEL, SPECIALITY CARE REQUIRES A REFERRAL FROM A PRIMARY CARE PHYSICIAN. PRIMARY CARE PROVIDERS FOLLOW THROUGH THE COURSE OF TREATMENT AND COORDINATE VARIOUS ACTIVITIES INCLUDING INITIAL DIAGNOSIS, TREATMENT, REFERRAL, CONSULTATION, MONITORING, AND FOLLOW-UP. PRIMARY CARE FOCUSES ON THE PERSON AS A WHOLE, WHEREAS SPECIALTY CARE CENTERS ON PARTICULAR DISEASES OR ORGAN SYSTEMS OF THE BODY. PRIMARY CARE STUDENTS SPEND A SIGNIFICANT AMOUNT IN AMBULATORY CARE SETTINGS, FAMILIARIZING THEMSELVES WITH A VARIETY OF PATIENT CONDITIONS AND PROBLEMS. STUDENTS IN MEDICAL SUBSPECIALTIES SPEND SIGNIFICANT TIME IN INPATIENT HOSPITALS, WHERE THEY ARE EXPOSED TO STATE-OF-THE-ART MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY. w SOME KEY ISSUES IN MEDICAL PRACTICE THE BALANCING ACT BETWEEN THE AVAILABILITY OF THE MOST ADVANCED TREATMENT PLANS, UNCERTAINTIES ABOUT THEIR POTENTIAL BENEFIT, AND WHETHER THE HIGHER COSTS OF TREATMENT ARE JUSTIFIED. THE DEVELOPMENT OF MANAGED CARE IS LIKELY TO SUBJECT PHYSICIANS TO GREATER CONSTRAINTS IN EXERCISING THEIR PROFESSIONAL JUDGEMENT....
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This note was uploaded on 07/18/2011 for the course HSA 3111 taught by Professor Lytle during the Fall '08 term at University of Florida.

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hsa 3111 Week Four All Lectures 2010 - HEALTH SERVICE...

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