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LIVING WITH THE EARTH CHAPTER 13 OBJECTIVES FOR THIS CHAPTER A student reading this chapter will be able to: o 1. Discuss how a law is made and describe the system of environmental laws. o 2. List and describe the major components of the major federal environmental laws including: RCRA, CERCLA, EPCRA, SARA Tile III, Pollution Prevention Act, CAA, CWA, SDWA, stormwater regulations, pesticide regulations, and underground storage tank regulations. o 3. Describe and discuss the major components of environmental compliance. INTRODUCTION Environmental laws are a maze of confusing and overlapping regulations that now cover several thousand pages of federal documents. o Environmental Laws - Some Fundamentals; o Resource Conservation and recovery Act (RCRA); o Comprehensive Environmental Responsibility, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA); o Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know (SARA Title III); o Transportation of Hazardous Materials and Wastes; o Pollution Prevention and Improved Waste Management Programs: o Regulation of Underground Storage Tanks; o Pesticide Regulation; o Air Quality Control: o Water Quality Control and Stormwater Management; and o Safe Drinking Water Acts. ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS - SOME FUNDAMENTALS The Making of a Law o Environmental laws are part of a system. It is a system of statutes, regulations, executive orders, factual conclusions, case specific interpretations, and accepted environmental principles that have evolved into Environmental Law. Virtually all of the environmental laws require some form of compliance that fall within one or more of the following areas: (1) notification requirements, (2) discharge or waste control, (3) process controls and pollution prevention, (4) product controls, (5) regulation of activities, (6) safe transportation requirement,
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(7) response and remediation requirement, and (8) compensation requirements. The environmental system of laws also incorporates common law, which is a body of rules and principles that pertain to the government and the security of persons and property. Under common law, "tort" is a private wrong or wrongful act for which the injured party can bring forth a civil action. The three most common types of torts encountered in environmental law include: (1) Nuisance (2) Trespass (3) Negligence FEDERAL ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS Managing Hazardous Waste
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This note was uploaded on 07/15/2011 for the course PHC 6357 taught by Professor Mlynarek,s during the Summer '08 term at University of South Florida.

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