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Unformatted text preview: Quiz 1 1. John Graunt: a. Evaluated the Bills of Mortality John Graunt is known as the founder of Medical Statistics and evaluated the Bills of Mortality. William Farr is the founder of modern epidemiology. Now, D, I believe is referring to Hippocrates who is considered the first true epidemiologist who was the first that attempted to base his conclusions on observations and was the first to explain disease on a rational vs a supernatural basis. The Bills of Mortality was the first attempt to keep track of births/deaths in a record. This was considered the begiining of vital statistics . 2. John Snow: a. Identified with the removal of the Broad Street pump identified the source of a cholera outbreak in 1854 and is famous for identifying the water pump on Broad Street as the source. Abby: A. John snow identified with the removal of the Broad Street Pump. This was part of the work he did when determining that water contamination was causing the spread of cholera.h 3. William Farr: a. Founder of modern epidemiology who applied vital statistics to epidemiologic problems Farr used the statistic gathered by Gaunt to draw concluions about the spread of disease. 4. In one area of West Africa, 20 deaths occur for every 100 cases of meningococcal meningitis each year. What epidemiologic measure is being suggested in the statement above? a. Case Fatality it is A because we are looking at the number of deaths within the number of diagnosed cases, and this corresponds to the definition of case fatality. Case Fatality is defined as the number of deaths caused by a disease among those who have the disease during a time period. In this case, the time period would be annually, the disease would be the 100 cases of meningococcal meningitis and the number of deaths would be 20. . 5. For every 10,000 adolescents 15-18 years of age in Your City, 120 new cases of gonorrhea occur each year. What epidemiologic measure is being suggested in the statement above? b. Cumulative Incidence B because cumulative incidence measures the overall probability of a certain event happening before it happens, it is a kind of prediction of an occurrence drawn from looking at a larger population. Incidence Density looks at the progression or change in incidence over a certain amount of time, for example a change from 2010-2011. answer is "B". C doesnt have a time component to the denominator. 15-18 means it occurs over a 3yr period. I don't think it is C because we are not looking at person-time units. 6. Of 1,000 reported deaths in New Falls last year, 24 were due to lung cancer. What epidemiologic measure is being suggested in the statement above? c. Proportionate Mortality Ratio This is proportionate mortality ratio because it is concerned about the total number of deaths in New Falls as well. This would calculate the risk of dying from lung cancer in New Falls....
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This note was uploaded on 07/15/2011 for the course PHC 6000 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at University of South Florida - Tampa.
- Spring '08