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9PG EXAM USA.doc - Law 1 EXAM: US POLITICS AND...

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Law1EXAM: US POLITICS AND BUREAUCRACIESStudent Name:Course Name:Tutor Name:Date:EXAM: US POLITICS AND BUREAUCRACIES
Law21)The U.S. Congress is supposed to function in a representative capacity. Given the historicunpopularity of Congress at the present time, it seems evident that Congress is not fulfilling thisfunction in a way that is satisfactory to the vast majority of the American people.What accounts for this unpopularity is that in reality, the job of representing the American peoplein Congress is usually quite complicated because elected leaders do not always have the abilityto know where exactly their constituents stand. Nor do their constituents always on agreement oneverything. It is this navigation of these sometimes-contradictory demands as well as balancingthem with demands of political party, powerful interest groups, the varied ideological concerns,the country’s legislative body and the country at large and personal beliefs is a process that iscomplicated and frustrating for representatives. Which is largely attributed to why Congressseems to be unable to fulfill both its representative and legislative functions.In this regard, there are three significant factors that have contributed to the legislative gridlockand lack of political compromise characteristic of most congressional sessions over the pastdecade.Looking Out for interests Constituents as a wholeIn theory, the process of citizens voting on a regular basis and reaching out to those they electhelps their representatives in congress better represent them. However, in recent decades, the USCongress has become more of a descriptive representative. For example, the 114th Congress of2015, comprised of a large percentage of minorities racially and ethnically speaking such asLatinos, and black Americans (Berger, 2017). Yet in demographic terms Congress as a wholeremains to be comprise largely of white, male, and wealthy. To put it into perspective, althoughfemales comprise more than half the U.S. population, they are represented by only 20 percent of
Law3Congress, while another factor is that congress is overwhelmingly made up of Christians. Thereis no reflection of the country’s diversity in the U.S. Congress as its current membership is about80% male, 82% white, and 92% Christian (Berger, 2017).Representing Interests of Constituents along Party LinesPutting aside identities in ethnics, race, gender, or ideology, it is the actions of a representative inCongress that is a measure of their understanding of constituent’s representation. The mostimportant function of Congress members as lawmakers is seen in writing, supporting, and thepassing of bills whose complexity is compounded along party lines. Budgetary allocations arethe main premise of party conflicts between Republicans and Democrats. For example, thepassage of the ACA act in 2010 was largely a Democrats position in driving forward their desirefor comprehensive universal health care since the 1960s (Berger, 2017).

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Term
Fall
Professor
NoProfessor
Tags
Democracy, Lawrence v Texas, United States Constitution, United States Congress, Federal government of the United States, representative, U S Congress

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