Skinner Research BEH225 WK 4 CKPT

Skinner Research BEH225 WK 4 CKPT - not get an award for...

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Skinner Research B. F. Skinner was an American psychologist in 1948. He did an experiment which proved that operant conditioning is selective and that humans and animals develop or learn superstitious behavior by things that happen. Animals learn that if they are doing a certain thing and get rewarded that if they continue to do that same thing they will keep being rewarded which Skinner labeled as superstitious behavior. Humans, however, learn superstitious behavior by other things that happen. For instance, if we as humans have a favorite article of clothing or something that we wear and we buy a scratch off ticket and win we automatically consider that particular item a lucky item. Therefore we develop superstitious behavior. Although this behavior is considered superstitious, if something bad were to happen we would learn from it and it would lead to operant conditioning. So let’s say that an animal would
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Unformatted text preview: not get an award for doing something they thought was right they would eventually quit doing it which is part of operant conditioning. It is also true of positive and negative reinforcement. If a child gets rewarded for bringing home good grades, they are more than likely going to continue to bring home good grades; this is considered positive reinforcement. Whereas, if they were to extra homework to do for bringing home a bad grade, then they are not going to continue to bring home bad grades; this is negative reinforcement. They will try to bring home better grades so that they do not have the extra homework. So all behaviors are linked one way or another. Although we have superstitious behavior, we learn from operant conditioning which can be positive or negative reinforcement, which leads to punishment if it is negative reinforcement....
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This note was uploaded on 07/15/2011 for the course BEH 225 taught by Professor Mrking during the Spring '09 term at University of Phoenix.

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