Chapter 9 Post-Test

Chapter 9 Post-Test - Please Note: It is recommended that...

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Unformatted text preview: Please Note: It is recommended that you save your response as you complete each question. Question 1 (1 point) Deviance is _________. the recognized violation of cultural norms negative actions in society engaging in criminal activity being dishonest Save Question 2 (1 point) Which of the following is an example of informal social control? a father praising his child a police officer issuing a parking ticket a postal carrier delivering the mail a person being arrested for DWI Save Question 3 (1 point) The University of Wisconsin conducted a twenty-five- year study of crime. Which of the following were the best predictors of adult crime and violence? a combination of genetic and environmental factors there was no solid predictor for adult crime and violence genetic factors environmental factors Save Question 4 (1 point) The researchers Reckless and Dinitz attributed staying out of trouble to a personality that controlled deviant impulses. This analysis was called ____. impulse control containment theory social control deviant theory Save 1 of 6 Question 5 (1 point) All behavior-deviance as well as conformity-is ____. individualistic shaped by society biologically based an expression of inequality Save Question 6 (1 point) How societies set norms and how they define rule-breaking both involve ____. the collective conscience religious institutions the criminal justice system social power Save Question 7 (1 point) The key insight of the structural-functional approach is that deviance is ______. a behavior that should be punished an indicator that norms are too strict a necessary part of social organization an unnecessary part of society Save Question 8 (1 point) Using Merton's strain theory, street crime would be an example of what type of deviance? rebellion retreatism innovation ritualism Save Question 9 (1 point) When a person's self concept changes because of people's response to deviant behavior it is called ____ deviance. 2 of 6 primary retrospective secondary projective Save Question 10 (1 point) The idea that a person's tendency toward conformity or deviance depends upon the amount of contact with others who encourage or reject conventional behavior is called _____. behavioral conformity expectant deviance differential association peer association Save Question 11 (1 point) Someone with little confidence in future success is ____. more likely to consider conformity over deviance more likely to choose deviant behavior more likely to choose the security of conformity less likely to choose deviant behavior Save Question 12 (1 point) Labeling theory is most usefully applied to issues such as ____. sexual promiscuity murder treason incest Save Question 13 (1 point) Steven Spitzer argues that deviant labels are applied to people who _____. 3 of 6 interfere with the operation of capitalism discourage activism control property exploit the poor Save Question 14 (1 point) Crime that is committed by people of high social position in the course of their occupations is called _____ crime. corporate white-collar elite organized Save Question 15 (1 point) Virtually every society in the world places stricter controls on women than on men. True False Save Question 16 (1 point) All crimes are composed of the act itself and _____. criminal intent the context the victim the perpetrator Save Question 17 (1 point) Arson is an example of which type of crime? victimless crimes without complaint property violent 4 of 6 Save Question 18 (1 point) According to surveys, the overall crime rate is about three times higher than official reports indicate. True False Save Question 19 (1 point) In the case of violent crimes, approximately ___ percent of arrests involve males. 61 50 73 82 Save Question 20 (1 point) Which of the following has the lowest rates of arrest in the United States? Asians Hispanics blacks whites Save Question 21 (1 point) The idea that the criminal justice system should operate under the rule of law is called _____. societal protection deterrence capitulation due process Save Question 22 (1 point) ____ is an act of moral vengeance by which society makes the offender suffer as much as the suffering caused by the crime. 5 of 6 Retribution Punishment Rehabilitation Deterrence Save Question 23 (1 point) The reform measure that emerged in response to the harsh punishments based on retribution is _____. rehabilitation deterrence recidivism societal protection Save Question 24 (1 point) When people who have been convicted of crimes commit more crimes it is called ______. serial criminality corrections criminal retribution criminal recidivism Save Question 25 (1 point) The idea behind community-based corrections is _____. community protection retribution punishment reform Save Save All Responses 6 of 6 Go To Submit Quiz ...
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This note was uploaded on 07/15/2011 for the course SOC 1 taught by Professor Bob during the Spring '11 term at Oxnard College.

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