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Unformatted text preview: Please Note: It is recommended that you save your response as you complete each question. Question 1 (1 point)
Deviance is _________.
the recognized violation of cultural norms
negative actions in society
engaging in criminal activity
Save Question 2 (1 point)
Which of the following is an example of informal social control?
a father praising his child
a police officer issuing a parking ticket
a postal carrier delivering the mail
a person being arrested for DWI
Save Question 3 (1 point)
The University of Wisconsin conducted a twenty-five- year study of crime. Which of the following were the best
predictors of adult crime and violence?
a combination of genetic and environmental factors
there was no solid predictor for adult crime and violence
Save Question 4 (1 point)
The researchers Reckless and Dinitz attributed staying out of trouble to a personality that controlled deviant
impulses. This analysis was called ____.
Save 1 of 6 Question 5 (1 point)
All behavior-deviance as well as conformity-is ____.
shaped by society
an expression of inequality
Save Question 6 (1 point)
How societies set norms and how they define rule-breaking both involve ____.
the collective conscience
the criminal justice system
Save Question 7 (1 point)
The key insight of the structural-functional approach is that deviance is ______.
a behavior that should be punished
an indicator that norms are too strict
a necessary part of social organization
an unnecessary part of society
Save Question 8 (1 point)
Using Merton's strain theory, street crime would be an example of what type of deviance?
Save Question 9 (1 point)
When a person's self concept changes because of people's response to deviant behavior it is called ____ deviance. 2 of 6 primary
Save Question 10 (1 point)
The idea that a person's tendency toward conformity or deviance depends upon the amount of contact with others
who encourage or reject conventional behavior is called _____.
Save Question 11 (1 point)
Someone with little confidence in future success is ____.
more likely to consider conformity over deviance
more likely to choose deviant behavior
more likely to choose the security of conformity
less likely to choose deviant behavior
Save Question 12 (1 point)
Labeling theory is most usefully applied to issues such as ____.
Save Question 13 (1 point)
Steven Spitzer argues that deviant labels are applied to people who _____. 3 of 6 interfere with the operation of capitalism
exploit the poor
Save Question 14 (1 point)
Crime that is committed by people of high social position in the course of their occupations is called _____ crime.
Save Question 15 (1 point)
Virtually every society in the world places stricter controls on women than on men.
Save Question 16 (1 point)
All crimes are composed of the act itself and _____.
Save Question 17 (1 point)
Arson is an example of which type of crime?
crimes without complaint
violent 4 of 6 Save Question 18 (1 point)
According to surveys, the overall crime rate is about three times higher than official reports indicate.
Save Question 19 (1 point)
In the case of violent crimes, approximately ___ percent of arrests involve males.
Save Question 20 (1 point)
Which of the following has the lowest rates of arrest in the United States?
Save Question 21 (1 point)
The idea that the criminal justice system should operate under the rule of law is called _____.
Save Question 22 (1 point)
____ is an act of moral vengeance by which society makes the offender suffer as much as the suffering caused by
the crime. 5 of 6 Retribution
Save Question 23 (1 point)
The reform measure that emerged in response to the harsh punishments based on retribution is _____.
Save Question 24 (1 point)
When people who have been convicted of crimes commit more crimes it is called ______.
Save Question 25 (1 point)
The idea behind community-based corrections is _____.
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