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CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF RELACION DE LAS COSTUMBRES DE LOS TAGALOGSBACKGROUND OF THE AUTHORJUAN DE PLASENCIAFray Juan was born to the illustrious family of the Portocarreros in Plasencia in theregion of Extremadura, Spain in the early 16th century.His father, Don Pedro Portocarrero, was a captain of a Spanish schooner, who diedin Naples, Italy in 1574. Juan de Plasencia died in Liliw, Laguna in 1590.He is believed to have arrived to the Philippines in 1578, after a stopover in Mexico. As soonas he arrived, he joined forces with another missionary, Fray Diego de Oropesa, and they bothstarted preaching around Laguna de Bay and Tayabas, Quezon, in Quezon Province, where hefounded several towns.During the following years they are also credited with the foundation of a large number oftowns in the provinces of Bulacan, Laguna and Rizal, such as Tayabas, Caliraya, Lucban,Mahjayjay, Nagcarlan, Lilio(Liliw), Pila, Santa Cruz, Lumban, Pangil, Siniloan, Morong, Antipolo,Taytay, and Meycauayan.As a friar, Juan de Plasencia lived up to his pledge, leading a lifestyle devoid of any luxuryand in constant contact with the people he was trying to convert to Christianity. He was alsoknown to be a defender of the native population, looking after the poor, ill, or neglected, andstanding up for their rights on numerous occasions.