27. FLAVIAN DYNASTY - 27.FLAVIANDYNASTY278...

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27. FLAVIAN DYNASTY 278 + 68. THE YEAR OF THE FIVE EMPERORS  1. NERO.  FLEES ROME, COMMITS SUICIDE 2. PRAETORIANS ACCLAIM  GALBA  (COMMANDER IN SPAIN).  HE FAILS TO PAY THEM. HE IS REPLACED BY 3. OTHO  (ALSO FROM SPAIN) (WHO DOES PAY THEM).  4. OTHO IS DEFEATED BY   VITELLIUS  (COMMANDER OF  ARMIES IN GERMANY) 5. WHO IS IN TURN DEFEATED BY  VESPASIAN  (COMMANDER OF WAR IN JUDAEA)
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AS UNDER REPUBLIC, TROOPS “PROCLAIM THEIR  COMMANDER AS IMPERATOR” ONCE AGAIN.  AS IN -30s, DEVASTATING CIVIL CONFLICT AND FIGHTING  ACTUALLY IN ROME. POTENTIAL FOR CHAOS. VESPASIAN  (T. FLAVIUS  VESPASIANUS ) (69-79) VICTORIOUS  IN CIVIL WAR.   FOUNDS “FLAVIAN DYNASTY,” FOLLOWED BY SONS TITUS (79- 81) AND DOMITIAN(US) (81-96) VESPASIAN FROM ITALIAN MIDDLE CLASS; STRESS ON  ORDINARY MORALITY, SIMPLE LIFE NEED TO RESTORE FINANCES. TAXES RAISED, EXEMPTIONS  REMOVED (ACHAEA BECOMES PROVINCE AGAIN) ONCE FINANCES STABLE, DIRECTED EXTENSIVE REVENUES  DIRECTED TO PUBLIC WORKS. “BREAD AND CIRCUSES.”  IMPERIAL WEALTH COMMITTED TO  FOOD SUBSIDIES (BREAD LESS THAN AT COST, STATE  IMPORTS GRAIN, PRINCIPALLY FROM EGYPT, AFRICA  [PROVINCE])  TITUS  FINISHES THE WAR IN JUDAEA. DESTRUCTION OF THE  TEMPLE IN 70; IMPACT ON JUDAISM AND CHRISTIANITY JOSEPHUS . JEWISH LEADER IN WAR. SURRENDERS TO TITUS. 
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27. FLAVIAN DYNASTY - 27.FLAVIANDYNASTY278...

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