28. SECOND CENTURY (CE) - 28 THE SECOND(POSITIVE CENTURY...

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28. THE SECOND (POSITIVE) CENTURY 282-290 PERIOD OF PEACE AND PROSPERITY ( PAX ROMANA ) AFTER DEATH OF DOMITIAN, SENATE APPOINTS ONE OF THEIR OWN, NERVA. NO SERIOUS DISCUSSION OF RETURNING TO REPUBLIC. NERVA ADOPTS AS HIS SON AND SUCCESSOR THE COMMANDER OF THE RHINE ARMIES, TRAJAN (M. ULPIUS TRAIANUS), FROM ITALIAN FAMILY SETTLED IN SPAIN . SECOND CENTURY SEES A SEQUENCE OF SUCCESSFUL EMPERORS, AND RELATIVE SOCIAL TRANQUILITY, AS WELL AS INTELLECTUAL AND ECONOMIC RENAISSANCE IN GREEK-SPEAKING WORLD. EMPERORS ADOPT SUCCESSORS WITH AN EYE TO COMPETENCE, RATHER THAN BY FAMILY TIES. (UNTIL MARCUS AURELIUS AND COMMODUS) TRAJAN 98-117 . HADRIAN 117-138 ANTONINUS PIUS (138-161) MARCUS AURELIUS (161-180) COMMODUS (180-192) TRAJAN: 98-117. EXPANSION OF EMPIRE IN DANUBE; ANNEXES DACIA (ROMANIA) AND INVADES MESOPOTAMIA. BRIEF CONQUEST OF MESOPOTAMIA AND ARMENIA. INTRODUCTION OF DEGREE OF SOCIAL WELFARE (CARE FOR ORPHANS) TRAJAN’S COLUMN. CELEBRATING DACIAN VICTORY; RELIEF IMAGES ALL THE WAY UP THE COLUMN
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AT THE HEART OF A REBUILDING OF THE FORUM; EVENTUALLY SERVED AS TOMB HADRIAN. 117-138. RELATIVE BY MARRIAGE OF TRAJAN. SPENT LARGE PART OF HIS TIME TRAVELLING ALL OVER THE EMPIRE; VERY MUCH HANDS-ON APPROACH. PULLED BACK FROM NEW PROVINCES (MESOPOTAMIA) IN THE EAST. CONSTRUCTION OF HADRIAN’S WALL IN BRITAIN AS EXAMPLE OF BORDER CONTROL. FAVOURED GREEK CULTURE, HIMSELF WROTE POETRY IN LATIN AND GREEK. PANHELLENION, UNION OF GREEK CITIES UNDER HIS AUSPICES. CONSTRUCTION IN ATHENS. TEMPLE OF OLYMPIAN ZEUS FINALLY COMPLETED; HADRIAN’S ARCH; AQUEDUCT. WAR IN JUDAEA; BAR-KOCHBA REVOLT. RELATIONSHIP WITH ANTINOUS. YOUNG MALE FRIEND FROM BITHYNIA. DROWNED IN NILE (POSSIBLY DELIBERATELY, DUE TO A PROPHECY, TO PROTECT HADRIAN). DEIFIED BY TRAJAN; SCULPTURES ALL OVER THE WORLD EQUATING HIM WITH VARIOUS GODS. GENUINE BELIEF OR TRYING TO PLEASE HADRIAN (?) BEGAN PROCESS OF MANAGING AND RECORDING ROMAN LAW (GAIUS) ARCHITECTURAL INTEREST: FINAL CONSTRUCTION OF PANTHEON ( SHRINE OF ALL THE GODS) . BEGUN BY AGRIPPA. ARCH TECHNIQUE IN THREE DIMENSIONS TO MAKE A DOME AND COVER ENORMOUS SPACE
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ANTONINUS PIUS (138-161) “PIOUS” BECAUSE HE SAW TO DEIFICATION OF HADRIAN. NO SERIOUS PROBLEMS.
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This note was uploaded on 07/16/2011 for the course CLASSICS 106 taught by Professor Smith during the Fall '10 term at University of Toronto.

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28. SECOND CENTURY (CE) - 28 THE SECOND(POSITIVE CENTURY...

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