29. THIRD CENTURY (CE) - 29.THIRDCENTURY(CE)290294

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29. THIRD CENTURY (CE) 290-294 192, AFTER ASSASSINATION OF COMMODUS, MORE CIVIL  WAR; DESTRUCTION OF LYONS (LUGDUNUM), ANTIOCH,  BYZANTIUM VICTOR IS  SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS . HE WAS AFRICAN. HIS WIFE  JULIA DOMNA, WAS FROM SYRIA AND HER FAMILY WERE  HEREDITARY PRIESTS OF “THE SYRIAN GOD” AT EMESA SELF-PRESENTATION AS A NEW AUGUSTUS; MANY MILITARY  CAMPAIGNS RE-ORGANISATION OF ARMY WITH MOBILE UNITS  ( VEXILLATIONES)  BEHIND THE GARRISONS ON THE FRONTIER INCREASINGLY DIVERSE ADMINISTRATION, FROM ALL PARTS  OF EMPIRE, ESPECIALLY GREEK-SPEAKING PROVINCES PRAETORIAN PREFECTS BECAME SOURCES OF LEGAL  AUTHORITY SON  CARACALLA  (212) EXTENDED ROMAN CITIZENSHIP TO  ALL FREE INHABITANTS OF EMPIRE. ( ANTONINE  CONSTITUTION ). ALL LIABLE TO INHERITANCE TAX.  EXTENSION OF “ROMAN” STATUS FAR BEYOND ROME.  CITIZENSHIP STATUS REPLACED BY NEW  CLASS-BASED  DISTINCTION BETWEEN  HONESTIORES  (‘MORE  HONOURABLE”) AND  HUMILIORES  (“MORE LOWLY”)  ESPECIALLY IN JUDICIAL TREATMENT. HONESTIORES  = ADMINISTRATIVE CLASS (SENATORS,  EQUESTRIANS) AS WELL AS AT THE LOCAL (MUNICIPAL)  LEVEL, (CURIAL OR DECURIAL CLASS). ALSO ARMY VETERANS  (? ALL RANKS) GREAT  BATHS OF CARACALLA  PRESERVED IN ROME
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ROLE OF  IMPERIAL WOMEN:  JULIA DOMNA, JULIA MAESA,  JULIA MAMAEA JULIA MAESA  ARRANGED FOR SUCCESSION OF HER  GRANDSON, ELAGABALUS, PRIEST OF SYRIAN GOD.  ELAGABALUS SUCCEEDED BY HIS COUSIN SEVERUS  ALEXANDER, AGE 14 SEVERUS MANAGED BY HIS MOTHER, JULIA MAMAEA. KILLED  BY HIS OWN TROOPS IN GERMANY, 235 AFTER THAT, SUCCESSION OF SHORT-TERM EMPERORS  
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MILITARY THREATS . WITH ROMANS DISTRACTED BY CIVIL  WARS, GERMANIC AND OTHER TRIBES SUCCESSFULLY  ENTER EMPIRE, MAINLY ACROSS DANUBE.  DACIA  CEASES TO  BE A PROVINCE. BECAUSE THERE ARE NO SERIOUS FORTIFICATIONS INSIDE 
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This note was uploaded on 07/16/2011 for the course CLASSICS 106 taught by Professor Smith during the Fall '10 term at University of Toronto.

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29. THIRD CENTURY (CE) - 29.THIRDCENTURY(CE)290294

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