30. CONSTANTINE AND HIS CITY

30. CONSTANTINE AND HIS CITY - 30. CONSTANTINE,...

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Unformatted text preview: 30. CONSTANTINE, CONSTANTINOPLE AND CHRISTIANITY 309-311 DIOCLETIAN (CONCLUSION) NO PRETENSE OF BEING MERELY PRINCEPS. EMPEROR STYLED DOMINUS ET DEUS (MASTER AND GOD). DRESS, COURT RITUAL, PALACES, ALL INTENDED TO INCREASE DISTANCE BETWEEN EMPEROR AND SUBJECTS MOVE TO FULL- TIME ADMINISTRATORS AS OPPOSED TO SHORT-TERM GOVERNORS FROM SENATORIAL CLASS MOST TRADITIONAL PROVINCES DIVIDED INTO SEVERAL MUCH SMALLER UNITS, GROUPED INTO 12 DIOCESES PRICE-DECREE AND STABILISATION OF CURRENCY 305, DIOCLETIAN RETIRED TO HUGE PALACE AT SPLIT IN CROATIA SUCCESSION PLAN DOES NOT WORK; ANOTHER CIVIL WAR RESUMED. SOMETIMES A SINGLE EMPEROR, BUT PRINCIPLE OF MULTIPLE EMPERORS CONTINUED, ESPECIALLY WEST/EAST DIVISION CONSTANTINE CONSTANTINE GAINED SOLE POWER IN 324. STARTED AS CAESAR; BASED IN WEST, BEGAN CAMPAIGN AT EBORACUM (YORK) IN BRITAIN + 324. ESTABLISHED NEW CITY, CONSTANTINES CITY , KONSTANTINOU POLIS, CONSTANTINOPLE. ON SITE OF ANCIENT BYZANTIUM (BADLY DAMAGED IN CIVIL WARS AND ATTACKS BY OUTSIDE RAIDERS.) SECOND CAPITAL = NEW ROME WITH ITS OWN SENATE, GOVERNMENT. A. FUNCTIONED MOSTLY IN GREEK. B. DISTINCTIVELY CHRISTIAN AFTER THIS, USUALLY TWO DIFFERENT EMPERORS (WEST AND EAST). EASTERN EMPIRE LASTED UNTIL 1453 (BUT ROME-BASED EMPIRE ENDED IN 400s). 313. CONSTANTINE DECLARED CHRISTIANITY LEGAL ROMAN RELIGION CULT OF THE EMPEROR. READINGS 16.3.3 NATURE OF BELIEF IN A POLYTHEISTIC CONTEXT; IF ROMULUS AND HERACLES COULD BE IMMORTALISED, WHY NOT AUGUSTUS? NOTE VESPASIAN ON HIS DEATHBED VAE, I THINK IM BECOMING A GOD SOCIAL COHESION FOR PROVINCES WITH CULT CENTRE IN PROVINCIAL CAPITAL (E.G. TEMPLE IN ANKARA WHERE RES GESTAE INSCRIBED). AUGUSTALES , ASSOCIATIONS OF FREEDMEN DEVOTED TO THE IMPERIAL CULT. CULT PRACTICE OF A COLLEGIUM , INCLUDING PRAYER FOR HADRIAN AND CELEBRATION OF ANTINOUS BIRTHDAY....
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30. CONSTANTINE AND HIS CITY - 30. CONSTANTINE,...

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