LECTURE 2

LECTURE 2 - Lecture 2 Sounds of English Words Phonetics:...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style Lecture 2 Phonetics: the science of speech sounds (Part 1) Sounds of English Words
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Speech Sounds Before exploring the phonological representation (sound pattern) of English words, we need to learn about the distinct sounds that make up speech from a phonetic point of view. Words arrange themselves into strings of speech sounds. Each word has a distinct articulation that is detectable by the human ear.
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Speech Sounds Distinct words are constructed by chaining speech sounds like beads on a string. Language, as a very efficient system, utilizes only a certain set of speech sounds, and some simple method for combining them into structured words. Different languages impose different constraints on how speech sounds can be combined into sound patterns. Phonology deals with sound patterns.
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The Sounds of English Words What is the minimal set of speech sounds that English speakers use? The Problem: Do we look for sounds or letters?
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Letters or Sounds? f un, ph onetics, enough eye , nigh t, si te , by , buy , I me t, mee t, pe tunia, resume , mite ,
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Solution The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) was developed to represent pronunciation/sounds of any human language. One sound – One symbol! Sounds are usually written between square brackets: [´] or right-slashes: / ´ /
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Articulatory Phonetics Speech sounds are characterized in terms of segments of sounds (segments are the phonetic equivalent of letters). Different sounds are made in a manner very similar to the way in which different sounds come out of a trumpet or clarinet Blow air through a sound-creating device (eg reed or mouth piece or vocal cords) Change shape of tube to give different acoustics (pressing keys, covering holes, moving tongue, lips etc.
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This note was uploaded on 07/16/2011 for the course COM 215 taught by Professor Miller during the Spring '10 term at Pima CC.

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LECTURE 2 - Lecture 2 Sounds of English Words Phonetics:...

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