LECTURE 3

LECTURE 3 - Click to edit Master subtitle style Lecture 3:...

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Unformatted text preview: Click to edit Master subtitle style Lecture 3: Phonetics Part II Vowels, diphthongs and other scary things Articulation of Vowels • When you pronounce vowels, the articulators (tongue and lips) do not come very close together, and the passage of air is unobstructed. • In contrast, when you pronounce consonants, you make a significant restriction to the airflow (stops, fricatives, affricates). • For vowels vocal folds vibrate. • Therefore, they are always voiced. Front Vowels • Say these words. • heed, hid, head, had • What did you notice about the vowels? • As you were saying them, the mouth became more open while the tongue remained in the front of the mouth. • If you looked in the mirror, you’d notice your jaw moving. • These are front vowels. Front Vowels • In heed, hid, head, had , you tongue is in the front of the mouth. • You only changed the height of the tongue. • The vowel in heed is a high front vowel. • Your tongue is close to the roof of the mouth in heed. • The vowel in had is a low front vowel. • Your tongue is quite low in had. Back Vowels • Say these words. • father, good, food • What did you notice? • Your tongue is close to the back of the vocal tract. • These are back vowels. • They only differ in height. Back Vowels • In food, your tongue is in the highest position. • The vowel in food is a high back vowel. • In father, your tongue is in the lowest position. • The vowel in father is a low back vowel. Rounding • Say the words: heed, hid, head, had, father, good, food. • What did you notice? • In the last two words good and food, you used an additional movement of your lips. • This movement of your lips is lip rounding. Round & Unround • All back vowels are round: [uw, ʊ, ow, ɔ]....
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This note was uploaded on 07/16/2011 for the course COM 215 taught by Professor Miller during the Spring '10 term at Pima CC.

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LECTURE 3 - Click to edit Master subtitle style Lecture 3:...

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