phil exam

phil exam - When determining if Platos theory of reality is...

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When determining if Plato’s theory of reality is an accurate analysis of the human experience, various aspects of his ideas must be examined. The Allegory of the Cave is one of the most well- known analyses of the examination of human nature. In the writing, prisoners who were held captive in a cave are eventually freed but because of the orientation in which they were held in the cave, they are unsure of which is actually real and what they perceive to be real from their experience. For example, they would not be able to properly distinguish between people and the shadows they cast. Once they are released from the cave, they become enlightened through their new experiences though there would be an acclimation period to understand and learn a true sense of reality. For example, the cave dwellers would be able to distinguish between the fire in the cave and the actual sun outside of the cave. In examining the nature of the soul, Plato states that there are three distinct parts which are the appetitive, the rational, and the spirited. The three parts are related to the various social classes and as a result have different characteristics. The appetitive corresponds to the basic necessities for life, the rational searches for truth from a philosophical prospective, and the spirited relates to higher level ideas such as love and honor. Through Plato’s Theory of Forms, he states that forms or ideas are not the material world with physical characteristics. There is a relationship present as the forms are at the heart of the entire phenomenon that they represent. One example states that while there are a countless number of physical tables present in the world, tableness (form) is at the core and is the essence of all of them. Plato’s theory of dualism reflects his overall view of metaphysics. Through his Theory of Forms dualism is found through the separation of forms from the physical world. The physical world is constantly changing because of the characteristics of the physical world while the world of forms is not changing. As well, various levels are present within Plato’s dualism. After reviewing all the material, I personally relate to Aristotle’s theory of metaphysics. He rejected Plato’s theory because of the central ideas they represented. He stated that there were inconsistencies with the theory because if forms share the essence of the physical world, then the idea of the form is diminished and dualism is no longer present. If the physical world is simply a replica of forms, then extra information must be given to explain the various classes of the form in the physical world. In general, I relate to Plato’s theory of reality especially in terms of how
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This note was uploaded on 07/16/2011 for the course COM 215 taught by Professor Miller during the Spring '10 term at Pima CC.

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phil exam - When determining if Platos theory of reality is...

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