Hcr 220 Final Part 2 - HCR220 Final Project: HIPAA...

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HCR220 Final Project: HIPAA Confidentiality HIV and AIDS are the most feared diseases of our time. This diseases have no known public
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cure and very few treatments are considered effective in the treatment of this condition. Although it is possible to live with HIV and AIDS many people aren’t even aware that they have contracted this deadly virus. Results indicate that approximately 56,300 new HIV infections occurred in the United States in 2006. This figure is roughly 40% higher than CDC's former estimate of 40,000 infections per year ( CDC,2008). As in all instances regarding patient information, HIV and AIDS information is kept confidential by HIPAA privacy laws. Local law as well as state law have implemented an easy-to-use, comprehensive guide to New York State's HIV testing, confidentiality, and discrimination laws. This guide was written before the enactment of HIPAA and before 2010 amendments to testing and confidentiality law ( Legal Action Center,2011). HIV destroys CD4 positive (CD4+) T cells, which are white blood cells crucial to maintaining the function of the human immune system. As HIV attacks these cells, the person infected with the virus is less equipped to fight off infection and disease, ultimately resulting in the development of AIDS. Most people who are infected with HIV can carry the virus for years before developing any serious symptoms. But over time, HIV levels increase in the blood while the number of CD4+ T cells decline. Antiretroviral medicines can help reduce the amount of virus in the body, preserve CD4+ T cells and dramatically slow the destruction of the immune system ( www.niaid.nih.gov ,2009). HIPAA enforces the privacy of HIV and AIDS information, and any information about its diagnosis. People who have HIV and AIDS are protected by laws of the state and the privacy laws of HIPAA. HIPAA prevents health plans from discriminating from any patient with poor health or complications because of HIV and AIDS. This is because the virus is said to be deadly and very contagious. Most health care insurers would not benefit from a doctor or nurse who contract the virus from dealing with a patient. This would drive up cost for the insurer and the payments for their treatments would greatly increase. More so those who have the virus would be questioned to as how it
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was contracted. This is considered to be personal information to the carrier. An example would be a person who is a transgender, this person could be subjected to ridicule, job discrimination, housing complications, and mental depression if the public around them knew of information that they would suggest to keep secret. Mental stress as well as suicidal tendencies can come from their jobs were to
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This note was uploaded on 07/16/2011 for the course HEALTHCARE HCR220 taught by Professor Inc during the Summer '11 term at University of Phoenix.

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Hcr 220 Final Part 2 - HCR220 Final Project: HIPAA...

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