ch 14& 15 FULL

ch 14& 15 FULL - Ch 14 Psychological disorders...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ch 14 – Psychological disorders Abnormal Behaviour: Myths, Realities and Controversies The Medical Model Applied to Abnormal Behaviour What is the medical model? proposes that it is useful to think of abnormal behaviour as a disease Criteria of Abnormal Behaviour What criteria are used to judge abnormality? deviance o people who violate cultural standards my be labeled mentally ill maladaptive behaviour o people are judged to have a psychological disorder b/c their everyday behaviour is impaired o ex/ drugs that make people act in ways that they normally wouldn’t personal distress o criterion met by people who are troubled by depression or anxiety disorders How easy is it to distinguish normality from abnormality? not easy most people with disorders act normal most of the time and only become deviant sometimes Psychodiagnosis: The Classification of Disorders What classification system is used to diagnose psychological disorders? Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 4 The Prevalence of Psychological Disorders How common are mental disorders? more common than they appear Anxiety Disorders What are the 5 major anxiety disorders and what are their chief symptoms? generalized anxiety disorder
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
o marked by a chronic high level of anxiety that is not tied to any specific threat o symptoms worry about everything trembling muscle tension diarrhea dizziness fainting sweating heart palpitations phobic disorder o marked by a persistent and irrational fear of an object of situation that presents no realistic danger o symptoms anxiety trembling palpations panic disorder and agoraphobia o marked by recurrent attacks of overwhelming anxiety that usually happen suddenly and unexpectedly o symptoms same as anxiety obsessive-compulsive disorder o marked by persistent, uncontrollable intusions of unwanted thoughts and urges to do senseless rituals Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) o caused by an of a variety of traumatic events o disorder doesn’t appear until many months or years after a person’s exposure to severe stress o symptoms re-experiencing the traumatic event in nightmare and flashbacks emotional numbing alienation problems in social relations increased sense of vulnerability and elevated arousal anxiety
Background image of page 2
anger guilt Etiology of Anxiety Disorders Biological Factors Which biological factors have been implicated in anxiety disorders? concordance rates o indicates the percentage of twin pairs or other pairs of relatives who exhibit the same disorder Conditioning and Learning How do conditioning and learning contribute to anxiety disorders? many anxiety responses may be acquired through classical conditioning and
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 07/17/2011 for the course PSYCH 101 taught by Professor Brandon during the Spring '11 term at Queens Charlotte.

Page1 / 32

ch 14& 15 FULL - Ch 14 Psychological disorders...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online