CHAPTER 13 - CHAPTER 13 Stress Biopsychosocial model holds...

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CHAPTER 13: Stress Biopsychosocial model : holds that physical illness is caused by a complex interaction of biological, psychological and sociocultural factors - historically: contagious disease chronic disease - Health psychology - concerned with how psychosexual factors relate to the promotion and maintenance of health and with the causation, prevention and the treatment of illness Stress : any circumstances that threatens or is perceived to threaten one’s well-being and that thereby tax one’s coping abilities - an individual response to a stressor is a function of a number of factors - peoples appraisals of stressful events are highly subjective The four principles of stress… 1. Frustration : occurs in any situation in which the pursuit of some goal is thwarted (not satisfied) o You experience frustration when you want something and you cant have it o Frustration anger and aggression (brief and insignificant) 2. Conflict : occurs when tow or more incompatible motivations or behavioural impulses compete for expression - Three basic types of conflict… o Approach-approach conflict ( + / + ): choice must be made between two attractive goals o Avoidance-avoidance conflict ( - / - ): choice must be made between two unattractive goals o Approach-avoidance conflict ( + / - ): choice must be made about whether to pursue a single goal that has both attractive and unattractive aspects 3. Change : life changes are any noticeable alterations in one’s living circumstances that require readjustment o Positive events stress (because they produce change) 4. Pressure : involves expectations or demands that one behave in a certain way o Pressure to perform – execute tasks and responsibilities quickly, efficiently and successfully o Pressure to conform – to the expectations of others Responding to Stress : a person’s reactions to stress are analyzed at three levels… - Emotional responses : there is no simple one-to-one connection between a certain stressful event and particular emotions o Emotions serve important purposes
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This note was uploaded on 07/17/2011 for the course PSYCH 101 taught by Professor Brandon during the Spring '11 term at Queens Charlotte.

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CHAPTER 13 - CHAPTER 13 Stress Biopsychosocial model holds...

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