test review 2

test review 2 - U nit 3 Review NUTR 3340 1) The brain...

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Unit 3 Review NUTR 3340 1) The brain reaches adult size at what age? 75% completed by 2 years of life and reaches the adult size by 6 to 10 years of life. 2) When measuring growth in infants or children the measurements are taken and plotted on growth charts. The charts are divided into percentiles; 5%ile, 10%ile, 25%ile, 50%ile, 75%ile, 90%ile, 95%ile. If the length (height) is 50%ile you would expect the weight to be at the 50%ile also. This would be an example of normal growth. When growth occurs it is common for the child to put on a small amount of weight and then the length sprouts. Therefore, if the height was 50%ile and the weight was 75% this would still be normal growth. If the length is at the 25% and the weight is at the 90%ile the difference would be the weight 3 percentiles higher than the height. Any time the weight is > 2 percentiles higher than the height indicates obesity. Be able to recognize that if the weight for a given height is >90%ile = obesity. 3) Toddlers are able to rotate their wrist called ulnar deviation around 16-17 months of age. At this time they can eat successfully from a spoon. By 18 months able to lift the elbow and fixes wrist so only moderate spillage. A pincer grasp is developed by one year of age finger feeding is easy and often preferred. Children like to pick food up with their fingers and
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place it on the spoon. Also like to finger feed foods that are usually spoon like pudding 4) Review foods that are most often associated with choking. Hot dogs, grapes, hard candy nuts 5) Review the factors involved in energy requirements of children. Resting energy expenditure rate of growth and activity, sex differences not significant until after 10 years of age. Physical activity is quite variable; adequacy of nutrient intake is based on growth and measure of body fat. Catch up growth causes increase In energy needs from 150-250 kcal/kg (200cal/kg should cause 20g wt gain per day. Based on healthy needs of normal children Requirements include*: Resting energy expenditure Rate of growth Activity
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6) The best way to control intake of sweets in children of any age is by setting limits. parents may need help setting limits no sweets before lunch no sweet at the end of the meal limit the serving size teach the children that too much of this food is not good 7) Indication that protein intake is adequate would be based on adequate linear growth. Adequate protein intake is based on adequacy of growth, quality of protein in the diet, complementary amino acids and other nutrients.
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8) Know the % of calories recommended from protein in young children vs the amount actually eaten. Protein content body increases from 14.6% at one year of age to 18-19% by 4 years of age ( same as adult). As the child grows older the amount of protein per kg of body wt decreases. Recommend intake ; 1.1 g/kg at one year of age. 0.95g/kg at 10 years of age. This would mean 4-5% of he calories would come from protein compared to average intake
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test review 2 - U nit 3 Review NUTR 3340 1) The brain...

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