Chapter 16 - KN DU Chg E A" J fiat-Suki“ 4mka I...

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Unformatted text preview: KN: DU Chg? E A" J fiat-Suki“ 4mka I- Ii'fiiELE 125.3 _._ Ir lizatinn Ennstants nf Same Weak Acids, and weal: Base-5 in water at 25 "*C Innimtinn [uninith Equilihrillm Cunstnnt K [IE I IHI _ PEI = .Imlic acid IIIIJ3 + Hit] :=-' 1110‘ 1 12:23 1.1:: 2: 1:1 ' {1.2: _ Hummus acid El-lw‘l'llfllI + Hat} i=“ HJD‘ +Clfl2‘ LI 1-: 1f] '5'- 1.4-11‘2 _L'mc2ccccdc dcid IICEHICIEII + Hlfl :--_‘ illfl‘ + CIHEI'TH'IJ' L4 2: H] 3 1.52.2 EH11:me uL'iiI HHD-z ‘f HID # Half—ill" + HIDE— TE K Nil—4 3.1-1 'Hydmfiimnc acid ]]F + l-lzfl H323“ 2 F 6.15. 2: m' " 3.13 chdic dcid HCHflI + Hiu i=‘* Hjfl+ + CHEJE‘ LP. 2: iii-4 332-1 :Iluniin'i-cac'lil HCTH5D? 2 "En # H3fl+ +CTH503' ca 2: “2'5 4.2:: .. rdramicncid HN] : H223 H3531” + [241' L212: “2‘5 4.22 :ic acid HC2H3:)1 + Hgfl 2.: I-IJCII" + CIHJIJE' LB 2-: Iii-5 4.1-1 Hymchlcmuc acid Ham + Hlfl i=‘ “30+ + fiftl‘ 2.9 2-: Ilnl-H 15-1 Hj'dnryanir; acid HUN 1 “21:! 1:7“ Hui—1+ + {:TN' fin? 'J-ti IH'”3| Hail yhcndl HUCfil-IS 4 "in :—‘ H30" + CfiHfiu m2: “2"” mm Hfilmgcn mum-dc “343: + Hzfl # H3U' r HIDE" LE 3-: IL! '3 ll.'i‘4 HI: = PK]: jefllylamint [CEHfiijH l Hifl 11" {CIH5}2HH1+ + UH EH K Iii—'1 1H1 _“ ylamim: EEHfiNII2 + Hzfl :--—* LZIH5NH3' 2 ml" 4.3: 2-: In 4 3.3? - nmccid HH1 «2 BED NIL,” + nH- LE 2: Iii-5 4.1M- Iydmxylnminn: HUN”: I Hal—J .—-* HEJ:"~IH1_4 +UH 521.12“: IE_|I ‘5 HJIH ridinc C'siliH + Hlfl .= :3.;rl_.._[~-2Hl 2 air 2.5 2-: m ** H.222 nitinc s'c“.fiH1,!~-IH2 + Hzfl c?“ L‘fil-I5Nll3* + (HF '24 2-: m '” 22.27: How :g—g—H ado; §= é-é—H H :3: I, H10 in fihkho‘l-H‘c. {r . :H" + 142,9 —-a Hz; can" Ehw‘ “1*. he» ? H60» + “2.6 --7=' “1"; + “a; + .— kw = [HgngH-JT' '5‘“, ( 6w PW'P —|.._|_ T-1E1 igura 16-5 )1! pH scale and pH values of _..----* "same Gammon materials El- :ng Eula Ill MHFH 3.4} {pl-{1114.5} Bland 1pH TIE-1r Mill: (pH 6.41} .1 1": Fl: F“ ._1 w. 2. —._._\_\_ _\__\_ “a. T-‘iflfl abie 15-1 gelatiire strengths of some common Erensted-Lowlry acids and bases .-" _.- TABLE 16.1 Relative Strength: of Some Common Bronsted Lowry Acids and Bases Acid Conlugate Base rc ioric acid HCifl4 Perchlorate ion Hydroiodic acid Hi Iodide ion Hydrohromic acid HBr Bromide ion Hydrochloric acid HCI Chloride ion Sulfuric acid HQSICIL1 Hydrogen sulfate ion Nitric acid I-ll'iliillz.I Nitrate ion H304“ eaten Hydrogen sulfate ion HSD‘,‘ Sulfate ion Nitrous acid ' Hl'iliiji2 Nitrite ion Acetic acid HCEHHDE Acetate ion lCarbonic acid Hlmj Hydrogen carbonate ion Ammonium ion fall—Li” Ammonia Hydrogen carbonate ion Carbonate ion Water H1 Hydroxide ion Methanol CHHDH Methortide ion Ammonia ‘ Amide ion 3'The hydroniunt ion—wa ter combination refers to the ease with whi that 1'5, 1150+ "' H313 = H20 + Hail-'- ch a proton is passed from one water molecule to anodier; Genera UP-lrrllut'}: P'rlnflrplss and Modern eppiiminnc ea " EEC? Fearso' '_-:-.-:.'.'i:-: r_I-itlrl' |- I-"ii-'.-I.-'.I.I"'-'.'-|.:|' li- -|A"‘.'.':.::.'I:F Lia-CW'F-y hen'l'r; .mflr. .'.- 'sldlj-J'J LP“. 53%” .'_..h_._-.- unl_~er=e1 [-7455 I '\u “Jam- .r-rI i I [unfit-amt PH” ' Aiizarin yellow—R Thymnlphthalejn - Phcnnlphthalein Thymn] bluc {11315-3 rangc'l PhE'J'I'fl-I rtd ErLJrnthy'mC-I blue Ehlnrphe rm! red Hem}: ml Brnmcrem] grucn Mathyl mange Eummphennt Hut Thy‘rnn] blue I'utied range] Methyl HUI-e: 'I'EUEIW _ Viulct -——l Red _ Tallow- ‘fcllflw _ Elm: Rnfl— 'I'eflaw-nrang: VEHDW a Blut-vjulet—m Red 'I’cllnw {=3 $14:- - 5-“ .l. FEEURE 112 an _ .ihflhges for same :umrnun add-base indicaturs é :ri icatnrs pictured and the pH values at which they change color are {a} thvmnf blue {pH 5—10},- [h ,1 phennl red {pl-I 45—3}; and m meflwl mm {pH 0-1}. ' 11192 Table 15-4 nization constants of some polyprotic acids TABLE 1&4 Ionization Constants of Some Folyprotie acids Acid Ionieetieo Equilibria Ionization Constants. K pit” Hydrosulfuriei- His + HED = H36!” + H5‘ KHI = Lu e “1'? pfli: = we Hs- + Hzfl = Hgo’“ — 59' it“? = Hale—'1'l psi: = let] Carbonic” H2033 + HED .=* H313” — H003" cal = 4.4 :n: or? pew = see Hoof + H_-_.L'_l # H3134 - cof- em = 4.7 a W” pith = “13-3 Phosphoric Halli]4 -!- Hit] -=‘- Hall" + HEPCI“ Kb: = 7-1 E [El—3 11KB: = 215 Hlmd' v i-IJU # H3o* + Heoj- xi.“ = ea :~: Iii—5 path = no HPfif‘ + [-1111] =* afio' + PD_13' 1:31;: 4.: 2-: Iii—'3' pea: = 12.35: Suifuroue‘ H2593 + H3125 = Hfifl' + H301." Ea; = 1.3 It: iii '2 lair:|a|1 = LE“? Hsng- + ago a: H3D+ + slog?— em = 5.2K1fl‘3 pith 2 1'2: Sulfuric"1 Phi-Hi]4 - HIE! r: I-lafl‘ + HSDJ‘ Ra; = vcrgr' large pain-l ‘2: II] H504" T Hie =‘ Hjo‘ + sof- cm: 1.1 s 111-3 pfl'h = Lee “The value for H4] of H35 most commonly found In older Liters lure is about I K ll'l'H'. hut current evidence suggests that IJ'u: same is conscicleralslij.r smaller. ijCU'; cannot be isolated. It is in eqfillhri urn Iwith HEIDI and dissolved C33. The value given For It"; 1'5. actually for the reactlm'i CDfiaq; + 2 Hgfl g H313A 1- HEB;— Gcnerefl}: aqueous solutions office are heated as lithe Cflflaqi were First converted to Hill}, Followed l1}.- ionizatlnn of 'I‘J'IE Hittite. ‘Hgfifl3 is a hypothetical, nonisoletebte species The value listed for £11: :5 actually for the reaction 5011an + 2H5] 2 Hgfl‘ + H503" '5 H3543" is eompletele ionized in the first step. moral Chan-rum- P-nneloles ane Ito-darn. upsealieme. De sl-‘f- 'l F‘eIrJ: "-'-'IIIs'rI ts". l-arhso-oo-'- Lie-:flrc'r -|t*'r~r|_= .-'.“.'-.- B uncle-'5 I E- J1 Purse-I EoJ:a:-o'l .L'trfil 55-11-11 Fix-El Lew _II_I'I5I;r. fifth-J LTmL? m. at, sill-1 +31 1? gr}? '- N + ZHHqfldz‘ +H‘za b 2. 'l' "‘14. NH f“ 0 + 3 5;, Hg: 1- .. “Wash; —_= a («n + No... A: ...
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This note was uploaded on 07/17/2011 for the course CHEM 1E03 taught by Professor Barbier during the Fall '08 term at McMaster University.

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Chapter 16 - KN DU Chg E A" J fiat-Suki“ 4mka I...

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