CHAPTER 10

CHAPTER 10 - Important Read Before Using Slides in Class...

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Important – Read Before Using Slides in Class Instructor: This PowerPoint presentation contains photos and figures from the text, as well as selected animations and videos. For animations and videos to run properly, we recommend that you run this PowerPoint presentation from the PowerLecture disc inserted in your computer. To run the animations on these slides please click on the icon on each still. If you prefer to customize the presentation or run it without the PowerLecture disc inserted, the animations and videos will only run properly if you also copy the associated animation and video files for each chapter onto your computer. Follow these steps: 1. Go to the disc drive directory containing the PowerLecture disc, and then to the “Media” folder, and then to the “PowerPoint_Lectures” folder. 2. In the “PowerPoint_Lectures” folder, copy the entire chapter folder to your computer. Chapter folders are named “chapter1”, “chapter2”, etc. Each chapter folder contains the PowerPoint Lecture file as well as the animation and video files. For assistance with copying the slide and video files, please visit our Technical Support at www.cengage.com/support or call (800) 423-0563. Thank you.
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10 Reactions in Aqueous Solutions I: Acids, Bases & Salts
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3 CHAPTER GOALS 1. Properties of Aqueous Solutions of Acids and Bases 2. The Arrhenius Theory 3. The Hydronium Ion (Hydrated Hydrogen Ion) 4. The Br Ø nsted-Lowry Theory 5. The Autoionization of Water 6. Amphoterism 7. Strengths of Acids
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4 CHAPTER GOALS 1. Acid-Base Reactions in Aqueous Solutions 2. Acidic Salts and Basic Salts 3. The Lewis Theory 4. The Preparation of Acids
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5 Properties of Aqueous Solutions of Acids and Bases Aqueous acidic solutions have the following properties: 1. They have a sour taste. 2. They change the colors of many indicators. Acids turn blue litmus to red. Acids turn bromothymol blue from blue to yellow. 3. They react with metals to generate hydrogen, H 2(g) .
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6 Properties of Aqueous Solutions of Acids and Bases 1. They react with metal oxides and hydroxides to form salts and water. 2. They react with salts of weaker acids to form the weaker acid and the salt of the stronger acid. 3. Acidic aqueous solutions conduct electricity.
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7 Properties of Aqueous Solutions of Acids and Bases Aqueous basic solutions have the following properties: 1. They have a bitter taste. 2. They have a slippery feeling. 3. They change the colors of many indicators Bases turn red litmus to blue. Bases turn bromothymol blue from yellow to blue. 4. They react with acids to form salts and water. 5. Aqueous basic solutions conduct electricity.
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8 The Arrhenius Theory Svante Augustus Arrhenius first presented this theory of acids and bases in 1884. Acids are substances that contain hydrogen and produce H + in aqueous solutions.
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This note was uploaded on 07/18/2011 for the course CHEM 1211 taught by Professor Atwood during the Spring '07 term at UGA.

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CHAPTER 10 - Important Read Before Using Slides in Class...

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