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Ch11 chapter outline

Ch11 chapter outline - CHAPTER 11 The Expanding Republic...

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1. What were the major aspects of the “market revolution”? What role did improvements in transportation, the development of the factory system, and banks and lawyers play in facili- tating economic growth? 2. What changes in American politics led to the creation of the second American party system? What role did popular politics and partisan identity play in national and local campaigns? Who were the Democrats and Whigs, and what was Andrew Jackson’s political agenda while in office? 3. How did American culture change during the Jacksonian era? 4. What was the Second Great Awakening, and what major social reform movements did it fuel? 5. What were the causes and ramifications of the major issues faced by Jackson — Indian policy, the Tariff of Abominations and the nullification crisis, and the bank war and panic of 1837? How did Jackson’s administration seek to define the Democratic Party? Annotated Chapter Outline I. The Market Revolution A. Improvements in Transportation 1. Between 1815 and 1840, networks of roads, canals, steamboats, and railroads dramatically raised the speed and low- ered the cost of travel. 2. Improved transportation moved goods and products into wider markets and people to new destinations and faci- litated the flow of politics through a heavy traffic in newspapers, periodicals, and books. 3. Enhanced public transport was expensive and produced uneven economic benefits, so administrations from Jefferson to Monroe were reluctant to fund it with federal dollars, relying instead on private enterprise. 4. Water travel was transformed with the introduction of Robert Fulton’s steam- boat in 1807. 5. Steamboats were not benign advances. Boiler explosions led to terrible mass fatalities, and the engines’ need for wood deforested the banks of main rivers and polluted the air. 6. Canals were another innovation of the transportation revolution. New York and Pennsylvania led the way with state- sponsored canal enterprises. 7. In the 1830s, private railroad companies began to give canals stiff competition, and by the 1840s, the canal-building era was over. 8. Taken together, the advances in trans- portation by the 1830s were little short of revolutionary. CHAPTER 11 The Expanding Republic 1815–1840 Chapter Learning Objectives 89
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B. Factories, Workingwomen, and Wage Labor 1. Transportation advances promoted a rapid expansion of manufacturing after 1815 and spurred the development of manufacturing towns. 2. American factories targeted young women as employees, cheap to hire because of their limited employment options. 3. In the 1820s, a group of Boston entrepre- neurs founded the town of Lowell, Massachusetts, where all aspects of cloth production — carding, fulling, spinning, weaving, and dyeing — were centralized. 4. A key innovation at Lowell was the close moral supervision of the female workers, who lived in company-owned boarding- houses with housemothers, with four to six girls per bedroom.
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Ch11 chapter outline - CHAPTER 11 The Expanding Republic...

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