ALTERNATIVES TO EXPERIMENTATION.ppt - ALTERNATIVES TO EXPERIMENTATION DESCRIPTIVE METHODS It describes what is It involves the description recording

ALTERNATIVES TO EXPERIMENTATION.ppt - ALTERNATIVES TO...

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ALTERNATIVES TO EXPERIMENTATION
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DESCRIPTIVE METHODS It describes what is. It involves the description, recording, analysis, and interpretation of the present manner, composition, or processes of phenomena. The focus is on prevailing conditions, or how a person, group or thing behaves or functions in the present.
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1. NATURALISITC OBSERVATION The technique of observing behaviors as they occur spontaneously in natural setting. 2. CASE STUDY A descriptive record of experiences, behavior, or both, kept by an outside observer. It is used to provide an in-depth description of the characteristics of the respondents involved in the study. 3. PHENOMENOLOGICAL STUDY A method which uses lived experiences as facts on which to base its findings, they use primary or immediate experience. DESCRIPTIVE METHODS
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4. SURVEY A useful way of obtaining data about people’s opinions, attitudes, preferences, and experiences that are hard to observe directly; data may be obtained using questionnaires or interviews.
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