State Court Systems

State Court Systems - Week 5

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Responsibilities of State and Federal Courts State Court Systems There are several levels of state courts, the highest being the State Supreme Court. The Supreme Court makes the final decision on any questions regarding state laws. Below State Supreme Court are the Appellate Courts or state courts of appeal, which, when requested by a defendant found guilty, review the way the defense and prosecuting attorneys present the information to the jury, and then decide if there are any mistakes in the presentation. Before the Appeals courts, are the General Jurisdiction Courts or trial courts. This is where the trial (or guilty plea) takes place. Both civil and criminal cases are heard here. The judge decides on the issue of the law, while the jury decides on the issues of facts. Trial courts only deal with whether or not the events that took place prove the individuals guilt or innocence. Lastly are the Limited Jurisdiction courts. These courts are where traffic violations, disorderly conduct, prostitution or other minor criminal
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State Court Systems - Week 5

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