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Unformatted text preview: 9/10/2007 Lecture 3—Industrialization in the North, 1877-1900 I. Northern Industrialization A. Railroads, Technology, Transportation II. Empire of Steel A. Andrew Carnegie 1. Poor Background 2. Apprenticeship in Railroads B. Production in Steel III. Homestead, PA A. Living Conditions B. Homestead Strike 1. Henry Frick 2. “Fort Frick” 3. Pinkertons 4. Carnegie’s Response IV. The “Gilded Age”-In 1900, the United States had six times the amount of railroad track as in the Civil War.-Andrew Carnegie, born in Scotland to a poor family, grew to be “the richest man in the world.” Once in the U.S., Carnegie began working for a telegraph company. During the Civil War, he began working with the Pennsylvania Railroad as personal secretary to the company manager. He felt that the railroad industry had more potential than the telegraph industry. During the Civil War, the fortunes of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company took off. He realized that railroads could be very profitable, but were also very risky, and that the companies that actually laid the track would be more profitable because regardless of the railroad company’s success, the track would nevertheless be laid and paid for.-During this time, the older iron rails were being replaced by steel. Although made from iron, steel is stronger and more durable. In making steel, coal is use to heat the furnaces and the iron is then melted down. The heated ore is then placed in a Bessemer Converter, where the impurities are removed and the steel remains. The liquid steel is then poured out to cool into solid steel, often in the form of “hot tamales.” The steel was then shipped to its destination by the railroad.-Carnegie established his steelworks in Homestead, Pennsylvania, along the Monongahela River. He designed a company town with the goal to provide all that a family needed in Homestead. Within Homestead there were different levels of homes, nickelodeons for entertainment, bars for socializing, and a church. Carnegie believed in uplift and accordingly created a library in Homestead.uplift and accordingly created a library in Homestead....
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This note was uploaded on 07/18/2011 for the course HIST 2301 taught by Professor Trobridge during the Fall '07 term at Texas Tech.
- Fall '07
- Andrew Carnegie