HIST 2301 10.1.07 and 10.3

HIST 2301 10.1.07 and 10.3 - 10/1/2007 Lecture 8...

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10/1/2007 Lecture 8 (continued) -George Creel had a background as a journalist. The Committee on Public Information (CPI) recruited a small army of about 75,000 people who went around the country and gave speeches, called the “four minute men.” They would give a quick speech to emphasize war themes and promote unity. Creel felt that the human attention span was only four minutes, so the speeches should be brief. They promoted the buying of war bonds. By the CPI’s estimate, they gave 7.5 million speeches, a number that is likely inflated. -People who were viewed as dissenters who did not support national unity were targeted by the CPI. Germans and other recent immigrants were targets due to a fear that they would undermine unity. Much of the CPI products were targeted at Germans. -There was a suppression of the labor movement during World War I. Industrial plants were key components in the war effort, and any protest of conditions or wages were seen as detrimental to the war effort. -After the Russian Revolution in 1917, Communists and other radicals became targets. Many Americans became fearful of the “red mess.” A series of bombings in 1919 led to an outcry against radicals and anarchists. These bombs were coordinated and sent through the mail. The post office detected and disposed of some of these bombs. -A. Mitchell Palmer was the Attorney General who was generally unpopular with the Progressives. In 1919 he launched a new crackdown on suspected anarchists. The Palmer Raids began on November 2, 1919, the second anniversary of the Russian
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Revolution. During the raids, immigrants were targeted and their civil liberties were dismissed. Many of the immigrants who were rounded up were sent back to Europe. -Emma Goldman was one of the more popular radicals who was targeted. Goldman was known as “an exceedingly dangerous woman.” She arrived in the U.S. in 1886, at the time of Haymarket Square, and became an advocate of labor rights. In 1901 she was accused of being involved in the McKinley assassination. In 1916 she supported
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HIST 2301 10.1.07 and 10.3 - 10/1/2007 Lecture 8...

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