HIST 2301 10.15.07 and 10.17.07

HIST 2301 10.15.07 and 10.17.07 - IV The Psychological...

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10/15/2007 IV. The Psychological Stimulus: Social Safety Net and Job Creation A. Social Security Act (1935) B. Work Projects Administration (WPA) 1. Artists, Theaters, Musicians 2. WPA Murals 3. WPA Histories of Slavery C. Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) D. Public Works Administration (PWA) E. Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) 1. Rural Electrification and Ecological Maintenance V. Legacies of the New Deal -WPA was a jobs program targeted towards artists, teachers, and writers. The WPA set aside $300 million to put these people back to work. Art pieces were commissioned and displayed and musical concerts were put on. The artists were known for their large murals in public buildings. Diego Rivera was probably the most famous WPA painter. These works of art were very high in quality, partly because the director of the program was an accomplished artist. In addition to painters, photographers were also employed. -The WPA writers produced slave narratives—one of the largest oral history projects in history. The last of the former slaves were starting to die off and there was a perceived need to document the lives of these individuals. The point of this was to get the inside story of slavery from the slave perspective. 30 volumes of at least 1,000 pages each were produced.
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-The CCC set up programs all across the U.S. that were related to conservation. They looked at remedying the reasons that led to the Dust Bowl, such as the need for crop rotation. Forests were cleared for new agricultural land or parks. Many of the trails in the National Parks were created by the CCC. The group would erect tenets where the work was to be done and then move on to the next job. -The PWA was involved in more heavy industry than the WPA or the CCC. They built, for example, public buildings like schools and post offices. Texas Tech’s Sneed Hall was built by the PWA. -The TVA was to provide electricity to rural parts of the South. This was one of the more ambitious projects of the New Deal. The goal was to harness hydro-electric power from the rivers in the South and then transmit this to rural areas. One goal of this was to attract businesses to the rural South.
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