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Notes_1-22-09 - b Unitary i “sovereignty lies exclusively...

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1. Federal vs Unitary vs Confederal systems a. Federalist i. A constitution exists which mandates that power is shared between the national gov. (federal gov) and the constituent “states”. Thus there are two layers of gov. with specific functions allocated to each. And these powers can only be modified by amending the constitution. It is this PROTECTED POSITION of states, not the extent of thier power that distinguishes federal systems from unitary. ii. Pros 1. Regional Minorites a. States could do what they want, could keep traditional cultural stuff 2. Secure Economic and Military Security a. Get rid of all the different money types 3. Provides room for States to experiment with public policy a. Massachusetts health care business iii. Cons 1. Inefficient, complex and slow to respond a. Katrina… 2. Complicates accountability for the electorate
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Unformatted text preview: b. Unitary i. “sovereignty lies exclusively with the central gov. Subnational authorizes, whether regional or local, may make policy as well implement it., but they do so by permission of the center. In a unitary system. In theory. The national government could abolish lower levels if it wish” ii. Ie. United Kingdom 1. Prime Minister has most power c. Confederal Systems i. Much looser than Federal ii. Ie. (was) Serbia, maybe European Union iii. Dead 2. Powers of the National Government a. Exclusive Powers i. Declare War ii. Make Treaty iii. Coin Money b. Concurrent Powers i. Taxes ii. Levying Taxes iii. Regulating some forms of commerce 1. But cant inhibit commerce with other states iv. Power to Borrow money c. Powers Reserved to the States i....
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