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The Psychodynamic Perspective

The Psychodynamic Perspective - The Psychodynamic...

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The Psychodynamic Perspective Personality is mostly unconscious, shaped by childhood experiences Freud’s psychoanalytic theory o Based on work with patients Levels or Awareness Freud divided consciousness into three levels: o Conscious mind: everything person is aware of o Preconscious mind: material right below surface that can be easily retrieved Memories, what I ate for breakfast o Unconscious mind: thoughts, memories, desires below surface of awareness that we don’t have access to Still influenced how we think, feel, and act Much bigger than other parts Structure of Personality Personality consists of three parts 1. Id: primitive, instinctive part of personality a. Contains basic biological urges b. Operates according to pleasure principle: immediate gratification of wants and needs c. Born with it d. Totally unconscious e. No consequences-follow your heart 2. Ego: realistic, decision making part of personality a. Operates according to reality principle: delay gratification of id until socially acceptable outlet available b. Negotiates between id and superego-mediator c. Develop during infancy d.
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