Tracking Progress toward the 2010 Biodiversity Target

Tracking Progress toward the 2010 Biodiversity Target -...

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www.sciencemag.org SCIENCE VOL 325 18 SEPTEMBER 2009 1503 POLICY FORUM Change may provide a means to enhance the quality and timeliness of the inter actions between scientists and policy-makers at national scales and above. The GLOBE Inter- national Commission on Land Use Change and Ecosystems, made up of senior legisla- tors from the G8+5 and several developing countries, provides another opportunity to bring policy-makers and scientists together. Similar initiatives will also be needed at the subnational scale. The United Nations will convene a sum- mit in 2010 to consider the second 5-year review of the MDGs and to catalyze action ahead of the 2015 MDG target year. We must advise policy-makers and civil society organi- zations on the most critical initiatives needed to achieve the MDGs while preserving biodi- versity and ecosystem services. References and Notes 1. U.N. Millennium Project, Investing in Development: A Practical Plan to Achieve the Millennium Development Goals (Earthscan, New York, 2005). 2. G. M. Mace, H. Masundire, J. E. M. Baillie, in Ecosys- tems and Human Well-Being: Current State and Trends: Findings of the Condition and Trends Working Group (Millennium Ecosystem Assessment Series, Island Press, Washington, DC, vol. 1, 2005), chap. 4. 3. B. Collen et al ., Conserv. Biol. 23 , 317 (2009). 4. G. M. Mace, J. E. M. Baillie, Conserv. Biol. 21 , 1406 (2007). 5. S. Dasgupta, B. Laplante, H. Wang, D. Wheeler, J. Econ. Perspect. 16 , 147 (2002). 6. P. Dasgupta, in Handbook of Environmental Economics: Environmental Degradation and Institutional Responses , K.-G. Maler, J. R. Vincent, Eds. (Elsevier, London, 2003), pp. 192–240. 7. M. Q. Dao, J. Stud. Econ. Econometr. 32 , 47 (2008). 8. J. D. Sachs, The End of Poverty: Economic Possibilities for Our Time (Penguin, New York, 2005). 9. R. E. Green, S. J. Cornell, P. W. Scharlemann, A. Balmford, Science 307 , 550 (2005). 10. W. M. Adams, J. Hutton, Conserv. Soc. 5 , 147 (2007). 11. M. Walpole et al ., Science 325 , 1503 (2009). 12. W. M. Adams et al ., Science 306 , 1146 (2004). 13. B. Strassburg, R. K. Turner, B. Fisher, R. Schaeffer, A. Lovett, Glob. Environ. Change 19 , 265 (2009). 14. Poverty maps, http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/povmap. 15. R. Grenyer et al ., Nature 444 , 93 (2006). 10.1126/science.1175035 ±I n response to global declines in biodiver- sity, some 190 countries have pledged, under the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), to reduce the rate of bio- diversity loss by 2010 ( 1 , 2 ). Moreover, this target has recently been incorporated into the Millennium Development Goals in rec- ognition of the impact of biodiversity loss on human well-being ( 3 ). Timely information on where and in what ways the target has or has not been met, as well as the likely direction of future trends, depends on a rigorous, rele- vant, and comprehensive suite of biodiversity indicators with which to track changes over time, to assess the impacts of policy and man- agement responses, and to identify priorities for action. How far have we come in meeting these needs, and is it suffi cient?
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This note was uploaded on 07/19/2011 for the course EVS 101 taught by Professor Varsolosunio during the Winter '10 term at American Intl. University.

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Tracking Progress toward the 2010 Biodiversity Target -...

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