ACT 5 LAB REP - University of Asia and the Pacific BIOLOGY,...

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University of Asia and the Pacific BIOLOGY, September 8, 2010 ACTIVITY 5 FROG DISSECTION Lance Oliver B. Cordoba 1-K ABSTRACT This importance of this activity is to familiarize with the importance of the parts and functions of the frogs internal organs and its extremities. That in this activity we dealt with live kicking frogs, that were pithed eventually to paralyzed the subject. However the internal organs would still be observed in their normal conditions. As the dissection goes on, we took notes of its structure and relate it to its corresponding function. INTRODUCTION Frogs may live some of their adult lives on land, but they must return to water to reproduce. Eggs are laid and fertilized in water. On the outside of the frog’s head are two external nares, or nostrils; two tympani, or eardrums; and two eyes, each of which has three lids. The third lid, called the nictitating membrane, is transparent. Inside the mouth are two internal nares, or openings into the nostrils; two vomerine teeth in the middle of the roof of the mouth; and two maxillary teeth at the sides of the mouth. Also inside the mouth behind the tongue is the pharynx, or throat. In the pharynx, there are several openings: one into the esophagus, the tube into which food is swallowed; one into the glottis, through which air enters the larynx, or voice box; and two into the Eustachian tubes, which connect the pharynx to the ear. The digestive system consists of the organs of the digestive tract, or food tube, and the digestive glands. From the esophagus, swallowed food moves into the stomach and then into the small intestine. Bile is a digestive juice made by the liver and stored in the gallbladder. Bile flows into a tube called the common bile duct, into which pancreatic juice, a digestive juice from the
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pancreas, also flows. The contents of the common bile duct flow into the small intestine, where most of the digestion and absorption of food into the bloodstream takes place. Indigestible materials pass through the large intestine and then into the cloaca, the common exit chamber of the digestive, excretory, and reproductive systems. The respiratory system consists of the nostrils and the larynx, which opens into two lungs, hollow sacs with thin walls. The walls of the lungs are filled with capillaries, which are microscopic blood vessels through which materials pass into and out of the blood. The circulatory system consists of the heart, blood vessels, and blood. The heart has two receiving chambers, or atria, and one sending chamber, or ventricle. Blood is carried to the heart in vessels called veins. Veins from different parts of the body enter the right and left atria. Blood from both atria goes into the ventricle and then is pumped into the arteries, which are blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart. MATERIALS AND METHODS
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This note was uploaded on 07/19/2011 for the course SC 101 taught by Professor David during the Fall '10 term at American Intl. University.

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ACT 5 LAB REP - University of Asia and the Pacific BIOLOGY,...

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