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UNIVERSITY OF ASIA AND THE PACIFIC   1 ST  SEMESTER COLLEGE OF ARTS AND SCIENCES BIOLOGY LECTURE (CAS 403) Topic:  THE BIOMOLECULES ESSENTIAL TO LIFE BIOMOLECULES - anything that has  carbon - come from  living organisms organic compound ORGANIC COMPOUNDS - used as a source of energy within the cells - a source for building new tissues and synthesizing physiologically important  chemicals - always contain the element carbon and are the principle materials that make-up  the living system BIOMOLECULES (Organic Compound) Carbohydrates Proteins Lipids Nucleic Acids I. CARBOHYDRATES Known as sugars and the basic source of energy for cellular activities In excess it is converted to glycogen and fat (adipose tissue) a) MONOSACCHARIDES – (1 molecule/simple sugars)
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o Simplest sugars, glucose/dextrose o Most important because it is the primary sugar transported by the 
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