com150_week5_reading3[1]

com150_week5_reading3[1] - Axia College Material Topic...

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Axia College Material Topic Sentences and Supporting Paragraphs Topic Sentences When you write, you form paragraphs. A paragraph is a group of sentences that relate in topic and thought. A paragraph generally consists of three to five sentences and usually begins with a topic sentence. A topic sentence is a general statement that announces what the paragraph is about. By starting a paragraph with a topic sentence, your audience may immediately identify your topic. This construction also helps you, the writer, stay focused on your subject. Consider the following example of an essay introduction: The first sentence is the topic sentence: It tells the readers they will learn about past narratives. The sentences that follow the topic sentence relate to the topic sentence because they provide examples of past narratives. Finally, the last sentence is the thesis of the essay, which expresses the author’s opinion on the topic and previews what the entire paper is about. You learn more about writing effective introductions later in this course. Supporting Paragraphs Every paragraph after your introduction must be a supporting paragraph. A supporting paragraph backs up or proves your thesis. All supporting paragraphs must include a topic sentence. You may then develop the supporting paragraphs within your paper using one or more of the following methods: Examples and illustrations Data, facts, or historical or personal details A simple story, or narrative Descriptions Division and classification Analysis Process analysis Definitions Cause-effect Comparison-contrast Argument The previous paragraph about journals used examples to support the topic sentence. Consider the paragraph following the introduction: Throughout past centuries, many important narratives have been left in journals. For example, there is Anne Frank, the young girl who wrote about her life while hiding from the Nazis during World War II and Lewis and Clark, who wrote about their 19th-century adventures while
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com150_week5_reading3[1] - Axia College Material Topic...

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