Module 8[1] - The Causes of War Module Eight Security...

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The Causes of War Module Eight
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Security Dilemma In the anarchic international system, states are constantly searching for security. As one state prepares to protect itself by building strong industrial base, accumulating armaments, mobilizing the military, it is in fact decreasing the security of the other state. The other state responds by following similar means to increase its own security, which results in greater insecurity for the first state. The Security Dilemma: in the absence of centralized authority, one state’s search for security decreases the security of the other state.
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Why do wars sometimes occur and other times do not? Individual level: 1) The characteristics of the individual leaders and the general attributes of the people can predispose them towards war. Leaders the following features are war prone: aggressive, narcissism, and megalomania. In this view these disorders are overrepresented among the governing elites in many states.
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People have used this argument to explain the Japanese Elite’s involvement in World War Two. 2) Misperceptions by the leaders can also lead to war. One of the most common is exaggerating the hostility of the adversary, believing that the adversary is more hostile than it may actually be, or That the adversary has greater military or economic capability than it actually has. This miscalculation may lead a state to respond by building its own arms, which, in turn may be viewed as hostile activities by its adversary. Misperceptions thus spiral, leading to war. Example is the 1967 Arab-Israeli War.
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towards war. For example, some argued that the harsh German child- rearing practices make Germans belligerent. Others argue that the obedience within the Japanese culture makes them less inclined to question leaders’ intent on war. 4) Some theorists argue that ―men cause war.‖ Basically war would diminish with the greater empowerment of women. They suggest that women are more dovish and less likely
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This note was uploaded on 07/19/2011 for the course POLIT 1550 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Youngstown State University.

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Module 8[1] - The Causes of War Module Eight Security...

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