Module two[1] - It is a set of propositions and concepts...

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It is a set of propositions and concepts that seek to explain phenomena by specifying the relationships among the concepts; Theory’s ultimate purpose is to predict phenomena; and Good theory generates groups of testable hypotheses.
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Are used to analyze events and trends. 1 ) Individual level : focuses on the personality, perceptions, choices, and activities of individual decision-makers and individual participants in an event under study. (Example, psychological theories) 2) State level (domestic level) : focuses on the characteristics of the state, the type of government (democracy or authoritarian), the type of economic system (capitalism or socialism), interest groups within the state and national interest. (Example, democratic peace theory)
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3) The international system level : focus of the explanation rests with the anarchic characteristics of that system or with international and regional organizations and their strengths and weaknesses. (Example, neorealism)
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Because people are inherently good, war is a byproduct of inadequate or corrupt social institutions and of misunderstandings among leaders. Through institutional reform and collective action, you can eliminate war. Peace and freedom can be expanded throughout the world through capitalism and democracy.
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Because human nature is essentially good, people are capable of mutual aid and collaboration through reason and ethically inspired education; Humans behave rationally conduct a cost-benefit analysis before making decisions- and only act when the benefits outweigh the costs; The fundamental human concern for other people’s welfare makes progress possible. International relations are gradually being transformed such that they promote greater human freedom by establishing conditions of peace, prosperity, and justice.
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It is a normative theory, because it is interested in understanding how to improve the world and possibly eliminate war. War and international anarchy are not inevitable and war’s frequency can be reduced by strengthening the institutional arrangements that encourage its disappearance. The possibility of eliminating war exists because war is a byproduct of society, not an attribute inherent in individuals.
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Capitalism free trade and dependence- are positive forces against war. If you depend on a nation, you are less likely to invade it. It raises the cost of war. International organization have an important function to perform, they can facilitate the coordination of action between states. For example the League of Nations was established to prevent war, its objective was founded on the idea of collective security. Collective security:
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This note was uploaded on 07/19/2011 for the course POLIT 1550 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Youngstown State University.

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Module two[1] - It is a set of propositions and concepts...

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