Theories of International Relations

Theories of International Relations - Theories of...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Theories of International Relations Theories Realism Idealism Constructivism Realism I Realism Power: the ability to influence others Irrelevance of morality and ethics and law Kellogg­Briand Pact (1928) Irrelevance of domestic political systems Why is power the only thing that matters? Human nature Anarchic world: no rules Realism II Realism All nations are self­reliant To preserve peace use Balance of Power US vs. USSR in Cold War US—China—Japan in East Asia Unipolarity cannot last Nations will balance against US power England’s Balancing Act England’s England Russia Prussia/Germany France Austria­Hungary The Cold War Balance of Power 1945-1990 1945-1990 Israel Ethiopia Taiwan S. Korea S. Viet Nam W. Berlin W. Germany Syria/Egypt Somalia China N. Korea N. Viet Nam E. Berlin E. Germany Britain/France/Japan Poland/Czech US USSR Unipolar World Unipolar EU Japan Russia China India US Power? Power? US: Weak Neighbors, Big Oceans US: Germany Strong Neighbors, Easy Access Strong Power? Power? Power? Shanghai, China Power? Power? Jaipur, India Power? Power? Power? Thailand Algeria South Korea Power? Power? Idealism I Idealism Power is not the only thing that matters States have common interests and common values Trade is the key common interest Idealism II Idealism Global Marketplace Interdependence International system is based laws (Treaties) and institutions (UN, WTO) UN General Assembly, New York UN International Court of Justice, International The Hague, Netherlands WTO, Geneva WTO, Constructivism I Constructivism Nation­states are not all alike Political culture shapes foreign policy Form of government shapes foreign policy History shapes foreign policy Domestic political trends and debates shape foreign policy Constructivism II Constructivism States have identity State identity influences the way states interact with each other Examples: China sensitivity to any policies of other states that threaten its unity and sovereignty US desire to transform the world Russian fear of invasion Russian China 21 Century China st China: Tang Dynasty 618-907 China: China: Ming Dynasty 1368-1644 China: China: Colonized China: Woodrow Wilson, 1917 Woodrow “The world must be made safe for democracy. Its peace must be planted upon the tested foundations of political liberty. We have no selfish ends to serve. We desire no conquest, no dominion. We seek no indemnities for ourselves, no material compensation for the sacrifices we shall freely make. We are but one of the champions of the rights of mankind. We shall be satisfied when those rights have been made as secure as the faith and the freedom of nations can make them. “ GW Bush, 2005 GW “And we have declared our own intention: America will stand with the allies of freedom to support democratic movements in the Middle East and beyond, with the ultimate goal of ending tyranny in our world. “ ...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 07/19/2011 for the course POLIT 1550 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Youngstown State University.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online