Chapter 24 - power should remain with the people not...

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There are four big thinkers in this period: Hobbes, Locke, Jefferson, and Smith. Explain the central  beliefs of each and explain how they differ from and also complement each other. Thomas Hobbes and John Locke both rejected the idea of a divine-right monarchy. They both agreed that the government should be formed by a social contract. Hobbes believed that it was an agreement that the people give up a portion of their right and freedom to a ruler. Meaning that, the ruler would have the ultimate authority over everything and everyone. Hobbes thought that human beings were very greedy, selfish and warlike. Which I thought was awfully funny considering the Thomas Hobbes was a human being like everyone else. He thought that all those rights that every person is born with could just be taken away from them. Locke, on the other hand, thought that all human beings are equal to each other and that they are capable of showing the common good that we all have down inside of us. He thought that the
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Unformatted text preview: power should remain with the people not through a ruler. Locke knew that we were capable of working and making decisions by ourselves that we wouldn’t take our rights for granted. Thomas Jefferson followed along with Locke and a lot of his beliefs were reflected from John Locke. He wrote the Declaration of Independence and exercised his thoughts into it that all people are created equal although he felt that men should be able to exercise their rights and women, children and slaves could not. Adam Smith believed in the natural law as well, he was more concerned with the economic aspect rather than the political aspect of it. He applied the natural laws to more of human labor, productivity and the exchange of goods. He more or less thought that nation’s wealth was based off of how strong its labor force was. They all had in common their beliefs in natural laws....
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