ch10_rev - ± For satellite pictures showing many different...

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Jon Ahlquist 10/26/2006 MET1010 Intro to the Atmosphere 1 Chapter 10 Review ± What is a circulation cell? ± What are the names of the three circulation cells? ± What is different about the circulation cell in mid- latitudes from the tropical and polar circulation cells? ± Where are: ² Intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) ² Doldrums ² Trade winds ² Subtropical high (Bermuda and Pacific) ² Horse latitudes ² Westerlies Review ± Find in this infrared satellite picture: ± ITCZ ± Subtropical jet across Mexico ± Upslope rain on west side of Andes ± Low stratus clouds over eastern Pacific by N & S America capped by sinking air in region of high pressure. Eq. 10N 20N 30N 10S 20S 30S 40N 40S Review ± Climatologically, where do you find regions of upper- level high pressure? Low pressure? ± Relative to the highs and lows, where are the fastest winds? ± What is a jet stream? Where do they occur relative to warm and cold air? ± Do the fastest winds occur in summer or winter? Why? ± What meteorological factor contributed to Columbus landing in the Caribbean instead of in New England?
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Unformatted text preview: ± For satellite pictures showing many different kinds of things, see: Review: Ocean currents ± What is the direction of the major ocean currents in the Atlantic and Pacific Ocean? Why do they have that direction? ± What is upwelling? What is the effect of upwelling on the ocean temperature in a region? ± How can a wind parallel to a coastline produce upwelling? ± What is an Ekman spiral? ± Is the typical ocean temperature warm or cold by the coast of Peru? ± Why is the Pacific Ocean so warm by Indonesia? Review ± What is the trigger that starts warm water sloshing eastward along the equatorial Pacific? ± What are conditions in the Pacific like during El Niño? During La Niña? ± How does the atmosphere above the Pacific Ocean respond to the ocean’s temperature changes? ± How often do El Niños occur? ± Give examples of climatic effects associated with El Niño and La Niña....
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