09f_cpe431_chap1 - CPE 431/531 Chapter 1 - Computer...

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1 1 Electrical and Computer Engineering CPE 431/531 Chapter 1 - Computer Abstractions and Technology Dr. Rhonda Kay Gaede UAH Electrical and Computer Engineering Page 2 of 26 UAH CPE 431/531 Chapter 1 (4 th Ed.) 1.1 Introduction The computing industry embraces ___________ at a breathtaking rate. If transportation had kept pace with computing, today we could travel coast to coast in about ________ for __________ Revolutions Agricultural Industrial Information Tomorrow’s applications may include _______________ __________________________ ___________________________
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2 Electrical and Computer Engineering Page 3 of 26 UAH CPE 431/531 Chapter 1 (4 th Ed.) 1.1 Introduction - Classes of Computing Applications • Desktop Computers – ___________________________ – _______________________ • Servers – __________________________ – ________________________ • Embedded Computers – _________________ ________________ – ________________ Electrical and Computer Engineering Page 4 of 26 UAH CPE 431/531 Chapter 1 (4 th Ed.) 1.1 Introduction – What You Can Learn in This Book • How are programs written in a _________ language translated into the ___________________ and how does the _______ execute the resulting program? • What is the _________ between the ________ and the ________ ? • What determines the ___________ of a ________ ? • What techniques can be used ___________________ to improve performance? • What are the reasons for and the consequences of the ___________________ processors?
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3 Electrical and Computer Engineering Page 5 of 26 UAH CPE 431/531 Chapter 1 (4 th Ed.) 1.1 Introduction – Elements Contributing to Program Performance • ___________________ • ________________________________ • ____________________ • _____________ • _______________________ Electrical and Computer Engineering Page 6 of 26 UAH CPE 431/531 Chapter 1 (4 th Ed.) 1.2 Below Your Program – Systems Software • Operating system – Interface between ____________ and the __________ • Handles __________ • Allocates _______ and _______ • Provides for ________ • Compiler – Translator from __________ language to _________ language
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4 Electrical and Computer Engineering Page 7 of 26 UAH CPE 431/531 Chapter 1 (4 th Ed.) 1.3 Under the Covers - CPU • Instruction set architecture – One of the most important _____________ is the ________ between the _________ and the _____________________, IA-32 • Implementations of ISA – _______ – _____ Electrical and Computer Engineering Page 8 of 26 UAH CPE 431/531 Chapter 1 (4 th Ed.) 1.3 Under the Covers – Memory • Memory – Main – _______, _____, ______, ________ – Secondary – ___________, _____________, _______, ________ – Portable • ______ • ___________ • ___________ • ___________________
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5 Electrical and Computer Engineering Page 9 of 26 UAH CPE 431/531
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This note was uploaded on 07/22/2011 for the course CPE 431 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '09 term at University of Alabama - Huntsville.

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09f_cpe431_chap1 - CPE 431/531 Chapter 1 - Computer...

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