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CivilRights Vs. Pan Africanism

CivilRights Vs. Pan Africanism - Collins 1 Tiara Collins...

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Collins 1 Tiara Collins Afras101 Collins October 27, 2010 Pan-Africanism vs. Civil Rights Throughout history, people of African descendant have been humiliated, dehumanized, criticized, and outcast among society based on their disability to comply with Euro centric ideals. Some have been resilient and others have been resistant to European attempt to 'civilize' the black community. African Americans continuous struggle for social, political, and economic equality and individual stability is demonstrated through movement such as the Civil Rights and Pan African Movement. According to The Veterans of the Civil Rights Movement, the beginning of the Civil Rights Movement was triggered in 1951, when 16 year old, Virginia high school student Barbara Johns led classmates on a strike against segregated schools (Hartford, 2000). The Civil Rights Movement, was a nonviolent movement among the African-American community fighting oppression, racial discrimination, and segregation and striving for civil rights, economic and social equality and overall change in American society. The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, Congress of Racial Equality and Southern Christian Leadership Conference are some of the organizations that helped propel the Civil Rights Movement forward (Azevedo 3:136). Legendary black leaders such as Martin Luther King, James L. Farmer, W.E.B. DuBois, and many others were also essential in the success of this movement. The driving force behind the Civil Movement was the collection
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Collins 2 of organizations, black leaders and community that not only emphasized civil rights, but the issues of “freedom, respect, dignity, and economic and social equality ( African-American Civil Rights Movement, 2010).” W.E.B. DuBois, along with other activists, founded the NAACP in 1909, whose main focus was guaranteeing political, educational, social, and economic equality of rights, disintegration of racial hatred and discrimination, integration of African-Americans into American society, and later after W.E.B DuBois resigns, they promoted African- American nationalism (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People[NAACP], 2010 ). They first became active in the Civil Rights Movement in 1951, when students from Moton High School were fed up wit the overpopulated, and unstable conditions of the school (Hartford, 2008). The NAACP was active in the civil rights movement when it came to law and court, such as Brown vs. Education, proving to the court that “separate is not-and never can be-equal.” Along with crushing the “separate but equal” concept, the NAACP also negated “poll-taxes and all-white primaries.” Although the NAACP was extremely productive in legalities, it differed from most of Civil Rights movement because the movement:“became a Church-based movement in origin and organization; it was controlled primarily by the African American community; it depended
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CivilRights Vs. Pan Africanism - Collins 1 Tiara Collins...

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