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louisiana notes 1

louisiana notes 1 - LOUIAISAN AN THE CIVIL WAR 1861-1865 1...

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June 23, 2010 LOUIAISAN AN THE CIVIL WAR, 1861-1865 1. talk of succession in LA 2. soldiers 3. war at home and fall of new Orleans 4. “Civilians,” and the enslaved free people 5. military campaigns 6. surrender and damage 1861, LA was moderate when it came to succession: thought it was too radical: lot to lose economically, LA was vulnerable geographically, the election of lincoln did not necessarily mean the end of slavery the vote for succession (with a convention and delegates) was close: by a margin of 113-17 Thomas overton Moore was happy when LA seceded (ort jackson and port st. something) > ports important strategically Why secede?: wanted to keep slavery and Reverend Benjamin M. Palmer: said that seceding from the the union was God’s will as was holding slaves; talked about southern honor (cultural cornerstone, based on premise that southern culture was perfect and must be defended) LA met with other southern states in Montgomery Alabama and join the confederacy, military forces in all parishes Notorious group of soldiers were the Tigers > known to be pretty rowdy and good on the field; became a part of the batallion commanded by Major Wheat > name given to all LA troops commanded by Robert E. Lee State of LA gave many noted officials and generals Benjamin served as secretary of state and war John slidell was sent to france to work an alliance with france for the confederacy, but it obviously didn’t work Jefferson Davis was the president of the confederacy The men in wind parish were opposed to secession wnad refused to serve in confederate army, a few of them became unionist and some fought with the union William Sherman: first superintendent of LOUISANA military academy, founded in 1860 in Pineville, la Sherman decided to side with the union (he was from the north)
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1862, the Richmond government passed the conscription act of 1862 >hurt poor people the most because it exempted wealthy planters and owners; act was unpopular >thus LA fought on both parts of the conflict frist significant battle: manasses >far bloodier than anyone expected after batlle of Shiloh, 1862, reality of war did come home from the wounded and bodies of soldiers were coming to new Orleans > showed the city that the war would not be easy; for two weeks wounded and dead soldiers arrived in new Orleans union intended to take NO (at the time it was the largest city of the south, huge part of the economy, vulnerable to attack from the gulf and miss. River; confederacy had no navy to defend LA) 1861, union forces blocked access to mouth of miss. River > confeds can’t get supplies or send them > the blockade remained throughout the war LA depended on coastal defense > prevent union from invading new orleasn (strengthen forts Jackson and st. phillip, below NO, thought these defense wuld be enough > they were wrong and union passed these forts; man in charge of the navy was fereget and takes NO >troops land and occupy city of new Orleans; man in charge of major gerneral Benjamin butler (as commanded by the confederacy)
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