louisiana notes2

Louisiana notes2 - JUNE 30TH LOUISIANA UNDER BOURBON RULE 1877-1900 The Compromise of 1877 and the end of reconstruction 1 Bourbon Rule 2

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JUNE 30 LOUISIANA UNDER BOURBON RULE, 1877-1900 TH The Compromise of 1877 and the end of reconstruction 1. Bourbon Rule 2. Conservative US Supreme Court Rulings 3. Centers of Power Under Bourbon Rule 4. The Constitutional Convention of 1879 5. Classical Bourbonism, 1881-1888 PRESIDENTIAL OF 1876 : political crises of 1877 : compromise of 1877 1. Repub Hayes v. Demo Tilden > 2. one of most disputed elections in US history > 3. tilden won the popular vote but he lacked the extra electoral vote to become president > a. results in electoral college were disputed in 3 states (Louisiana, Florida, south Carolina) b. involved corruption and violence 4. demos and repubs tried to work it out, resolve the dispute > 5. agreed to let Hayes become president in exchange for complete withdrawal of federal troops in the south > a. consequence of withdrawal?: marks the end of reconstruction b. (repubs had power if they were backed by federal troops. Now that troops are out, democrats will seize power in the south, 1877 ) 1. Consequences of compromise on La: a. repub Packard v. demo Nicholls > Nicholls seizes power b. 1876 > demos and repubs both claimed victory, i. both had legislature, and ii. both had elected a governor (happened in 1872 also) > c. the demos finally win control of the state > d. we will see a century of demo control in LA > e. the beginning of bourbon rule BOURBON RULE 1. Critics of the demos called them bourbons a. (name from France: the bourbons were royalty, restored to power after French revolution 1789, want to come back to how things were in the past, conservative and reactionary) 2. They want to go back to how things were before the civil war 3. Old sugar and planter elite of LA and the wealthy merchants of NO 4. Romanticized the antebellum south and romanticized the war and confederate lost cause: a. literary and intellectual movement that sought to reconcile the traditional white society to the defeat of the confederates’ portrayed the confederacy’s cause as noble, marked by honor;
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b. condemned reconstruction and opposed to radical repubs during reconstruction 5. What they want: a. reestablish control over state government, b. restore white supremacy (wrong to free slaves and resented giving equal rights to freed men, did everything they could to revoke these rights), c. enacted conservative and fiscal tax policy (men of property and hated taxes, preferred small government, did little to promote public institutions), d. avoid federal intervention (fed intervention changed the old order > fed blamed for destroying their old way of life; most of the fixation of race stems on this ideal) 6. first step was to suppress black economic and political gains (couldn’t deny right to vote so they let blacks register and tried to prevent them from actually voting, for example: intimidation, violence, murder, lynchings (especially north LA), parishes with most blacks had the most votes for democrats) US SUPREME COURT RULINGS: CONSERVATIVE
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This note was uploaded on 07/20/2011 for the course HIST 3071 taught by Professor Long during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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Louisiana notes2 - JUNE 30TH LOUISIANA UNDER BOURBON RULE 1877-1900 The Compromise of 1877 and the end of reconstruction 1 Bourbon Rule 2

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